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Full text of "Handbook of poultry and egg statistics : [issued August 1933 ; revised January 1937"

Historic, archived document 

Do not assume content reflects current 
scientific knowledge, policies, or practices 




ssued August 1933 



Revised January 1937 



0*:p^: 



UNITED STATES 
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



Miscellaneous Publication No. 158 



HANDBOOK 

OF POULTRY AND EGG 

STATISTICS 




WASHINGTON, D. C. 



r 



ISSUED AUGUST 1933 REVISED JANUARY 1937 

UNITED STATES 
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 

Miscellaneous Publication No. 158 



HANDBOOK 

OF POULTRY AND EGG 

STATISTICS 




i 



UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1937 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, P. C, 
Price 15 cents 



I 



) 



464005 

HANDBOOK OF POULTRY AND EGG 
STATISTICS 

By Mabel R. Jordan, Ethielinda Walton, and 
Gordon W. Sprague, Bureau of Agricultural 
Economics 



CONTENTS 

Page 

Foreword 1 

Number of chickens on farms; number of chickens, ducks, and geese 
raised; value of chickens raised; chicks hatched and purchased; 
mortality of chicks and in laying flocks; number and value of 
chickens sold; number of chickens consumed on farms; number 
and value of eggs produced; number of eggs sold and consumed 

on farms; and rate of egg production 2-27 

Poultry inspected for canning and market receipts of live and dressed 

poultry and eggs 28-57 

Cold storage holdings of poultry, turkeys, and eggs 58-69 

Prices of chickens, turkeys, and eggs received by producers; live and 
dressed poultry and turkeys and eggs at wholesale in terminal 

markets; and retail prices of hens and eggs 70-95 

Index numbers of prices of farm products and food products at whole- 
sale and price relatives for fresh dressed poultry and for eggs 96-99 

Feed consumption; growth and weight standards; loss of weight in 
dressing; size of snipping coops; disappearance for consumption 
of poultry; egg production in selected flocks; feed-egg ratio; feed 
requirements for production; color of shells by breeds; composition; 

conversion factors; and weights per trade unit 100-117 

Foreign trade in and tariff rates on poultry and eggs 118-122 

Poultry and eggs in foreign countries 123-128 

Index 129-131 

FOREWORD 

This handbook makes readily available for quick and 
practical use the essential statistical and other informa- 
tion relating to the poultry and egg industry. The aim 
has been to include the latest data in sufficient detail 
to give a comprehensive view of the industry with 
comparable data for earlier years. 

Data as to imports and exports were compiled from 
the Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce and from 
Trade and Navigation of the United States published 
by the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, 
United States Department of Commerce. Data as to 
standards and conversion factors were taken from 
trade sources and official publications. Poultry num- 
bers and eggs produced in foreign countries were com- 
piled from the International Yearbook of Agricultural 
Statistics. All tables for which credit is not otherwise 
given were computed in the Bureau of Agricultural 
Economics. Prices were mostly compiled from other 
sources as indicated. 

(1) 



Table 1. — Chickens: Number on farms by States, census 
years, 1910-35 



State 



Maine 

New Hampshire 

Vermont 

Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 

Connecticut 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Elinois 

Michigan . 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 

Kansas. 

Delaware 

Maryland 

District of Columbia. 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 

Florida 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 



Apr. 15, 
1910 i 



Thou- 
sands 
1,705 
903 
912 
1,710 
393 
1,218 

10, 232 
2,320 

11, 896 
16. 850 
13.216 
20, 564 

9,698 

9,143 

10, 291 

22, 692 

19, 910 

3. 095 

4,924 

9,011 

15. 266 

'786 

2.651 

7 

5,685 

3, 107 

4,566 

2,695 

4,890 

1,240 

8,000 

7.341 

4,590 

4,563 

5,183 

3, 259 

8,015 

12, 720 
923 

1,012 

325 

1,644 

510 

253 

674 

127 

2,204 

1,753 

5,666 



United States 280, 341 359, 537 409, 291 378, 878 



Jan. 1, 
1920 



Thou- 
sands 
1,403 
771 
800 
1, 455 
254 
1,120 
10, 415 
2,534 
14, 504 
20, 233 
16, 754 
25, 121 

10, 914 
11,495 
13, 213 
27, 746 
24. 884 

4,328 
6,642 

11, 615 
16, 919 

949 
3, 436 
10 
7,860 
4,028 
7,393 
3,954 
7,222 
1,555 

10. 478 
11,354 

5,918 
6,342 
6,955 
3.764 

11, 137 
18, 063 

2,055 

1, 655 

621 

2,875 

714 

495 

955 

155 

3,547 

2,500 

10, 427 



Jan. 1, 
1925 



Thou- 
sands 

1,900 

1,207 
941 

2,030 
361 

1,699 
13, 409 

4,114 
17,306 
20, 927 
17, 355 
25, 738 

12, 579 

13, 023 
16,408 
30, 275 
28, 222 

5,181 

7,906 

13,500 

21,609 

1,365 

4,198 

17 

9,221 

4,350 

8,558 

4,238 

7,043 

2,130 

11. 036 

11, 861 
6,284 
5,788 
7.164 
3.908 

13, 023 

19, 741 

2,545 

2.029 

809 
3,752 

937 

636 
1,367 

225 
5,363 
3,229 

12, 784 



Apr. 1, 
19301 



Thou- 
sands 
1,451 
914 
749 
1,926 
305 
1,537 
11, 954 
4,097 

15, 446 
18, 000 
14, 083 
22, 082 

10. 380 
13, 139 

16, 611 
30, 666 
25, 197 

4,795 
8,546 
13, 318 
19,128 
1, 551 
3,777 
13 
7,643 
3,674 
6,385 
3,057 
5,373 
1,950 
8,920 
8,888 
5,428 
5,381 
6,124 
4,133 

11, 471 
21, 528 

2, 117 
1,989 

736 
3,653 

961 

576 
2.096 

244 
6,452 
2,969 

17, 467 



Jan. 1, 

1935 i 



Thou- 
sands 

1,519 

1,201 
743 

2,518 
304 

1,947 
12, 648 

4,820 
16, 520 

19, 619 
14, 417 

20, 769 
11, 114 

14, 269 

15, 664 
27, 362 
20, 157 

3,469 

5,524 

11, 454 

15. 141 

1,073 

3,589 

14 

8,541 

4,124 

8,806 

3,894 

6,529 

2,190 

11, 063 

10, 811 

6,778 

6,715 

6,870 

4,331 

9,656 

20, 541 

1.989 

1,980 

690 

3,359 

1,007 

554 

2,104 

224 

5,882 

3,064 

14,043 



371, 603 



1 Excludes chickens under 3 months old. 
Bureau of the Census. 



3 



Table 2. — Chickens: Estimated number on farms, by 
States, January 1, 1981-36 



State 



Maine 

New Hampshire- 
Vermont 

Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 

Connecticut 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 

Florida___ 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 

United States. 



1931 



Thou- 
sands 
1,800 
1,110 
855 
2,245 
359 
1,835 

14, 200 
5,080 

19, 380 

21, 795 
17, 480 
26, 780 
11,650 

15, 610 
19,040 
35, 030 
28, 420 

5,250 
10, 060 

16, 990 

22, 410 
2,000 
4,925 
9,420 
4,230 
8,670 
4,185 
7,710 
2,670 

10, 690 
11,225 
7,640 
7,215 
7,480 
5,170 
13, 540 



320 

400 

740 

885 

440 

135 

'770 

3,036 

344 

7,915 

3, 455 

22, 900 



460, 489 



1932 



Thou- 
sands 
1,780 
1,090 
827 
2,190 
350 
1,960 

14, 340 
5, 525 

18, 900 
21, 375 
17,200 
26, 020 

12, 295 
14,800 

19, 170 
34, 150 
27, 170 

4,830 
9,125 

15, 810 
21, 590 

1,970 
5,225 
9,720 
3,965 
8,960 
4, 060 
7,935 
2,785 
10. 425 
10, 880 
7,545 
7,420 
8,170 
5,075 

13, 085 
26, 830 

2,190 
2,650 

870 
4,110 
1,145 

760 
2,795 

327 
7,620 
3,565 

20, 640 



451, 219 



1933 



Thou- 
sands 

1,900 

1,160 
868 

2,215 
374 

2,015 
14, 765 

5,840 
19, 830 
22, 895 
17, 830 
26, 870 
12, 835 

14, 930 
19, 160 
33, 875 
28, 320 

5,005 
9.490 

15, 980 
21, 785 

2,029 
5, 345 

10, 365 
4,220 
9,560 
4,270 
7, 795 
2,745 

11, 085 
11, 775 

7,840 
7,625 
8,820 
4,944 
14, 100 
27,680 
2,260 

2, 450 
840 

4,000 
1,240 

810 
2,390 

253 
7,645 

3, 292 
18,610 



461, 930 



1934 



Thou- 
sands 

1,931 

1,214 
865 

2,233 
374 

2,092 
15, 252 

5,755 
19, 858 
22, 665 

17, 564 
26, 523 
12, 903 

15, 851 

18, 727 
35, 335 
27, 146 

4,844 
8,707 

16, 806 
22, 102 

2,188 

5, 135 

9,694 

4,067 

9, 136 

4,022 

7,657 

2,504 

10, 948 

11, 192 

7,466 

6,609 

7,938 

5,007 

12, 689 

25, 958 



2,266 
2,491 

851 
4,098 
1,179 

790 
2,669 

285 

7,613 

3,262 

18, 721 



455, 182 



1935 



Thou- 
sands 

1,713 

1,151 
771 

1,996 
328 

1,971 
14, 367 

5,283 

19, 838 

20, 910 
16, 052 
24, 077 
11, 129 

15, 214 

16, 660 
31, 915 
23, 271 

3,752 

6,312 

13, 108 

17, 706 
2,118 
5,419 
9,729 
3,932 
8,829 
4,049 
7,287 
2,549 

10,708 

11, 123 

7,169 

6,717 

6,903 

4,798 

10, 623 

22, 508 

1,917 

2,170 

739 

3,663 

1,015 

683 

2, 319 
257 

7,080 

3, 161 
16, 587 



411,581 



1936 



Thou- 
sands 
1,713 

1,264 
780 

2,172 
336 

2,093 
14, 748 

5,756 

20, 719 

21, 902 
16, 900 
24, 981 
11, 747 

16, 198 

17, 689 
32, 656 

22, 670 
3,990 
7,414 

13, 548 

17, 142 
2,135 
5, 317 

10, 106 
3,983 
9,289 
4,115 
7,507 
2, 634 

10, 812 

11, 151 
7,458 
6,656 
6.993 
4,897 

10, 995 

23,602 

1,903 

2,265 

700 
3,381 

996 

748 
2,376 

256 
7,470 
3, 196 

18, 786 



426, 145 



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6 



Table 4. — Chickens: Number raised, by States, census 
years, 1909-34 



State 



Maine 

New Hampshire 

Vermont 

Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 

Connecticut 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Delaware 

Maryland 

District of Columbia 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

North Carolina — __ 

South Carolina 

Georgia 

Florida.. 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 

United States. 



1909 



Thou- 
sands 
2,555 
1,363 
1,247 
3,055 
570 
1,968 

13, 394 
4,323 

16, 348 
22, 777 

22, 099 
31,059 

12, 530 
10, 431 
11,412 
28, 971 
30, 413 

3,829 
5,803 

14, 724 

23, 846 
1,401 
5.420 

14 
15, 183 

5,205 
13, 766 

8,063 

13, 706 
2, 301 

17,573 

15, 865 
11,383 
10, 863 

9,674 

5,830 

15, 337 

23. 860 

1,387 

1,589 

495 

2,585 

834 

374 

947 

181 

3,611 

2,554 

7,849 



460, 612 



1919 



Thou- 
sands 
1,908 
1,172 
1,016 
2,401 
434 
1,546 

11, 873 
3,523 

15, 664 
22, 458 
22, 618 
29, 894 

12, 442 

11, 840 
15, 062 
31, 076 
29, 363 

5,324 
7,638 

15, 797 

22, 503 

1,205 

5,258 

14 

14, 227 
4,873 

14, 047 
9,016 

14, 588 
2,146 

15, 507 
15, 554 
10, 180 

9,830 
9,111 
5,571 

16, 817 
25, 830 

3,227 
2,250 

894 
3,881 

921 

569 
1,107 

188 
4,860 
3,150 

12, 929 



473, 302 



1924 



Thou- 
sands 
2,838 
2,442 
1,339 
3,631 
519 
2,670 

14, 941 
5,492 

19, 346 
26, 937 
25, 257 
32, 204 

15, 276 
14, 194 

20, 352 
38, 185 
34, 596 

5,722 

10, 607 

20, 310 

29, 091 

1,582 

6,025 

10 

15, 892 
5,305 

15, 058 
7,830 

12, 284 
2,766 

16, 445 
16, 148 

9,527 

8,982 

9,870 

5,434 

19, 670 

26, 025 

3,067 

2,540 

1,121 

5,006 

1,123 

756 

1,644 

281 

7,059 

4,066 

14, 383 



545, 848 



1929 



Thou- 
sands 
3,238 
2,679 
1,378 
5,088 
608 
3,511 
19, 518 
7,995 

25, 640 

32, 575 
29,048 
38, 125 
18, 146 
19, 960 

26, 979 
48, 216 
40, 783 

8,176 

14, 659 
25, 974 

33, 650 
3,414 
7,422 

21 
16, 728 

5,504 
14, 727 

7,447 
12, 264 

3,421 
17, 356 

15, 938 

10, 734 
10.712 

11, 202 
7,279 

23, 292 

36, 275 
3,664 
3,371 
1,259 
6,333 
1,486 
997 
3,540 
439 

11, 063 
4,613 

26, 645 



873, 092 



1934 



Thou- 
sands 
3,083 
3,159 
1,225 
6,038 
655 
4,561 
17, 222 
7,812 

23, 598 
29, 473 

26, 721 
33, 401 
15, 942 
18, 942 

24, 578 
42, 393 
33, 294 

5,693 

9,087 
24,745 
29, 034 

6,174 

7,031 

16 

16,518 

5,355 
16, 180 

7,437 
11, 530 

3,239 
18, 501 
16, 730 
10, 436 
10, 679 
10, 772 

6,487 
16, 241 

27, 747 
2,985 
2,729 
1,114 
5,674 
1,280 

786 
2,599 

297 

7,704 

3,911 

18, 159 



598, 867 



Bureau of the Census. 



Table 5. — Chickens: Estimated number raised on farms 
by States, 1931-35 



State 



Maine 

New Hampshire. _ _ 

Vermont 

Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 

Connecticut 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 

Florida 

Kentucky. 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 

United States 



1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


Thou- 


Thou- 


Thou- 


Thou- 


sands 


sands 


sands 


sands 


3,380 


3,650 


3,796 


3,227 


2,640 


2,640 


3,010 


2,709 


1,380 


1,520 


1,672 


1,338 


5,120 


5,530 


5,862 


4,983 


640 


685 


712 


606 


3,795 


3,795 


4,175 


3,549 


18, 555 


21, 336 


22, 616 


19,224 


7,480 


7,855 


7,855 


7,305 


23, 640 


24,800 


24, 800 


24, 056 


29, 710 


32, 085 


33, 370 


28, 698 


27, 280 


29, 190 


29, 482 


25, 356 


35, 140 


37, 250 


37, 622 


34, 612 


18, 510 


18, 880 


20, 579 


16, 257 


20, 016 


19, 610 


22, 747 


20, 246 


27,790 


27, 235 


28, 324 


23, 509 


45, 830 


44, 455 


50, 234 


44, 206 


34, 890 


39, 430 


38, 641 


34, 390 


6,990 


6,920 


7,335 


5,721 


13, 085 


13, 085 


13, 870 


8,322 


22, 950 


23, 640 


26, 004 


22, 104 


31, 645 


33, 225 


35, 883 


29, 783 


2,950 


3,245 


3,570 


3,213 


7,050 


7, 755 


7,042 


6,760 


16, 550 


19, 030 


16, 746 


17, 583 


4,905 


6,130 


5,333 


5,440 


13, 650 


15, 015 


14, 114 


13, 408 


7,360 


7,730 


6,725 


6,927 


11, 635 


11, 635 


11,635 


10, 588 


3,410 


3,070 


2,763 


2,708 


14, 530 


16, 855 


16, 181 


16, 181 


14, 224 


15, 930 


15, 133 


14, 679 


10, 500 


11, 340 


10, 773 


9,696 


10, 180 


10, 405 


8,948 


9,664 


10, 845 


11, 725 


10, 318 


8,977 


5,825 


5,941 


6,238 


5,988 


20, 497 


22, 135 


19, 921 


17, 331 


34, 460 


35, 840 


32, 256 


29,030 


3,610 


3,680 


3,496 


2,972 


3,427 


3,015 


3,317 


3,029 


1,400 


1,190 


1,357 


1,153 


5,245 


5,040 


5, 393 


5,339 


1,450 


1,670 


1,586 


1,348 


947 


995 


1,015 


863 


3,398 


2,752 


3,633 


2,906 


448 


336 


420 


336 


10, 083 


11,090 


10, 868 


10, 107 


5,330 


4,477 


4,790 


4,646 


24, 900 


21, 165 


22, 223 


21, 112 


629, 275 


656, 007 


664, 383 


592, 185 



1935 



Thou- 
sands 
3,421 
2,980 
1,472 
5, 481 
697 
4,080 

21, 724 
8,546 

27, 424 
32, 142 

28, 399 
37, 035 
18, 371 

22, 675 
25, 390 
45,090 
31, 982 

5,492 
10, 402 
20, 557 
27, 698 

3,856 

7,030 
18, 992 

5,603 

14, 212 
7,066 

11,011 

2,708 

16, 990 

15, 266 
10, 472 

9,471 
8, 618 
5,748 

17, 331 

29, 320 
2,853 
3,271 
1,095 
4,005 
1,078 
992 
3,051 
347 

10, 612 
4,646 

27. 446 



624, 148 



8 



Table 6. — Chickens: Value of chickens raised on farms, 
by States, 1981-35 



State 



1,000 
dollars 

Maine 3, 008 

New Hampshire 2,297 

Vermont 1, 159 

Massachusetts 4, 454 

Rhode Island 608 

C onnecticut 3, 416 

New York 13,360 

New Jersey 7, 181 

Pennsylvania 18,439 

Ohio 18,420 

Indiana 18,368 

Illinois 22, 490 

Michigan 11, 106 

Wisconsin 11, 209 

Minnesota 1 4, 451 

Iowa 28,415 

Missouri 18, 143 

North Dakota 3, 146 

South Dakota 6,804 

Nebraska 11,704 

Kansas 15, 190 

Delaware 1, 976 

Marvland 5,076 

Virginia | 9,268 

West Virginia 2,992 

North Carolina 6,416 

South Carolina 3,754 

Georgia 5, 352 



1931 



Florida. 

Kentucky 

Tennessee. .. 

Alabama 

Mississippi... 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma.... 

Texas 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico. 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Washington- 
Oregon 

California 



i,97» 
7,120 
6,685 
3.885 
3,767 
4,663 
2,796 
9.224 
14, 129 
1,733 
1,645 

658 
2,465 

725 

682 
1,427 

291 

5.042 

2,772 

13, 695 



United States 1351, 584 

I 



1932 



1,000 

dollars 

2.518 

1,795 

973 

3,650 

534 

2,808 

12,588 

5,970 

15, 376 

14, 117 

13, 136 

17, 135 

8,496 

7,452 

9,532 

19, 116 

14, 195 

2,214 

4,711 

8,747 

11, 296 

1,591 

3,955 

7,041 

2,452 

5, 255 

2,860 

3,840 

1,535 

5,731 

5,257 

3,062 

3,122 

3,400 

2,020 

6,640 

10, 394 

1,472 

1,025 

452 

1,764 

668 

587 

991 

158 

3,882 

1,791 

9,948 



267, 252 



1933 



1,000 

dollars 

2,240 

1,656 

953 

3,341 

470 

2,422 

11,308 

5.341 

12,400 

12, 347 

10, 614 

13,920 

7,614 

7,734 

7,931 

17,080 

10, 433 

1,907 

3,884 

7,021 

8.612 

1, 535 

3,169 

5,861 

1,973 

4.516 

2,286 

3.607 

1,160 

4.531 

4,086 

2,801 

2,237 

2,373 

1,934 

4,582 

8.064 

1,119 

896 

448 

1,510 

508 

508 

1,054 

189 

3,369 

1,581 

9,334 



1934 



1,000 

dollars 

2, 033 

1,680 

776 

3,189 

424 

2,271 

10, 381 

5,406 

13,952 

13, 775 

11,917 

16, 614 

7,478 

7,896 

8,933 

19, 893 

11,693 

1,774 

2,996 

7,515 

8,935 

1,703 

3,583 

7,385 

2,448 

5,095 

2,702 

4,023 

1,273 

5,663 

4,991 

2,909 

2,899 

2,603 

2, 156 

5,026 

8,419 

1,010 

969 

427 

1,762 

431 

492 

901 

155 

3,537 

1,673 

8,656 



224,459 1242,422 



1935 



1,000 

dollars 

2,668 

2,235 

1,089 

4,056 

551 

3,101 

14, 772 

7,179 

19, 745 

19, 928 

17, 039 

24, 073 

12, 125 

12, 471 
14, 218 
28,407 
16, 950 

2,856 
5,929 

11, 306 

13, 572 
2,545 
4,429 
9,876 
2,914 
6,538 
3,180 
4,845 
1,571 
8,325 
7,022 
3,665 
3,504 
3,792 
2,702 
8,146 

12, 314 



1,398 
1,570 

591 
2,163 

517 

615 
1,312 

180 

4,669 

2,184 

14, 272 



349, 109 



9 



Table 7. — Turkeys, ducks, and geese: Number raised 
on farms in 1929 



State 



Maine 

New Hampshire 

Vermont 

Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 

Connecticut 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Delaware 

Maryland 

District of Columbia. 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 

Florida 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 



United States. 



Turkeys 



Thousands 

26 

19 

28 

61 

13 

24 

167 

32 

175 

177 

130 

91 

230 

177 

1,306 

112 

245 

1,458 

460 

250 

320 

61 

279 



528 

182 

205 

80 

86 

69 

383 

157 

143 

85 

56 

27 

804 

3,783 

442 

517 

233 

548 

124 

84 

228 

90 

252 

600 

1,247 



16, 794 



Ducks 



Thousands 

14 

10 

13 

525 

7 

24 

1, 546 

274 

918 

542 

465 

1,082 

421 

501 

724 

899 

380 

289 

384 

274 

216 

66 

200 



127 
51 
49 
14 
22 
62 
92 
83 
21 
22 
77 
72 
97 
86 
39 
30 
13 
71 
3 
8 
16 
4 
75 
47 
383 



11, 338 



Geese 



Thousands 
5 
2 
4 
7 
2 
7 

73 
23 
102 
170 
146 
408 
182 
270 
381 
387 
275 
135 
144 
118 
110 
11 
42 



38 

19 

51 

11 

24 

4 

73 

63 

24 

93 

120 

84 

66 

127 

28 

25 

7 

22 

2 

1 

7 

1 

35 

26 

35 



3, 990 



Bureau of the Census. 



10 



Table 8. — Chickens: Estimated proportions reported 
hatched by specified methods, 1928 



State 



Maine 

New Hampshire. 

Vermont 

Massachusetts... 

Rhode Island 

Connecticut 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota.... 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

North Carolina. . 
South Carolina.-- 

Georgia. 

Florida ___ 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 



Hatched 
under 
hens 



United States. 



Percent 
34 
22 
41 
22 
14 
22 
28 
20 
28 
29 
28 
38 
31 
29 
32 
30 
36 
52 
40 
38 
27 
30 
44 
70 
60 
75 
77 
78 
57 
73 



80 
69 
79 
36 
53 
52 
35 
41 
43 
55 
33 
28 
25 
30 
32 
31 



42.9 



Hatched 
in incu- 
bators 
on farm 



Percent 

26 

25 

19 

24 

16 

21 

15 

18 

16 

19 

29 

26 

17 

22 

32 

33 

40 

31 

38 

36 

40 

17 

15 

12 

16 

12 

& 

10 

17 

16 

13 

12 

9 

19 

10 

40 

21 

24 

18 

28 

25 

21 

10 

9 

15 

20 

19 

12 



Hatched 

for fee 

(custom 

hatched) 



24.2 



Percent 

7 

5 

4 

5 

7 

10 

9 

19 

13 

13 

13 

11 

8 

8 

10 

12 

10 

4 

5 

13 

16 

13 

15 

7 

5 

6 

5 

5 

11 
4 
4 
4 
6 
4 
3 
11 
13 
2 
9 
7 
5 
2 
3 
9 
2 
6 
9 
7 



23.4 



Based on returns from crop reporters. 



11 



Table 9. — Baby chicks: Number purchased during 1929 y 
by States and divisions 



State and division 


Baby 
chicks 


State and division 


Baby 
chicks 


Maine _. 


Thousands 

1, 327 

1,213 

661 

2,680 

327 

2,315 

12, 377 

5,831 

17, 769 


South Carolina 

Georgia 


Thousands 
537 


New Hampshire 

Vermont ._ _ 


1,116 


Florida 

South Atlantic. 
Kentucky 


1,188 


Massachusetts 

Rhode Island . . 




15,911 






New York 


1,590 


New Jersey 


Tennessee 


1,132 


Pennsylvania 


Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma ... 


990 


North Atlantic. 


44, 500 


680 
1 318 


Ohio. 


20, 594 
14, 303 
17, 007 
12, 888 

12, 616 
11,962 
20, 642 

9,972 
1,659 
4,095 
8,161 

13, 005 


425 


Indiana 


6,108 


Illinois . 


Texas. 

South Central. .. 

Montana 

Idaho _ 


7,980 


Michigan 




Wisconsin 


20, 223 


Minnesota 

Iowa__ _ __ 




1,166 


Missouri 


1,837 


North Dakota 

South Dakota 


Wyoming 

Colorado . 


445 
3,062 


Nebraska 


New Mexico. _ 


501 


Kansas 


Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada _ __ 


632 




3,500 
356 


North Central 


146, 904 




Washington 

Oregon _ _ 


8,012 
2,576 


Delaware 


3,717 
3,884 
8 
3,271 
1,216 
974 


Maryland 


California.. 


22, 779 


District of Columbia. _ 
Virginia 


Western 

United States. .. 




44, 866 






North Carolina 


272. 404 



Bureau of Census. 

Table 10. — Eggs: Length of incubation period 



Kind of poultry 


Days 


Kind of poultry 


Days 


Hen 


Number 
21 
23 
28 
33-35 
28 


Peafowl 


Number 
28 


Pheasant 


Guinea . . 


26-28 


Duck 


Goose 


29-31 


Duck (Muscovy) 

Turkey 


Ostrich 


42 







U. S. Department of Agriculture Farmers' Bulletin 1363. 



12 



Table 11. — Chicks: Mortality daring first 3 weeks and 
effect of puUorum disease, as indicated by reports on 
200,000 baby chicks in Kansas, 1931 



Breed and condition 



Leghorn 

All heavy breeds 

Tested for pullonim disease: 

Orpington 

Rhode Island Red 

Plymouth Rock 

Not tested for pullorum disease: 

Orpineton 

Rhode Island Red 

Plvmouth Rock 



Mortality 



Percent 
7.4 
15.1 

11.8 

18.2 

7.9 

25.0 
18.4 
11.3 



* 



Extension Poultry Husbandman, U. S. Department of Agriculture, 
Bureau of Animal Industry, May 1933. [Mimeographed.] 



Table 12. — Chicks: Mortality during first 8 weeks, as 
shown by reports from 757 poultry men in Washington, 1 
1930 and 1931 



Year 


h^d J Mortality 


1930- 

1931 


Number Number Percent 
602,861 64.506 10.70 

639.487 54.404 | 8.51 



i These poultrymen were located in 20 counties. On the average they 
brooded 833 chicks. 

Extension Poultry Husbandmen, U. S. Department of Agriculture, 
Bureau of Animal Industry, May 1932. (Mimeographed.) 

Table 13. — Chickens: Mortality from hatching to matur- 
ity, 1926, 1928, and 1931 



Chicks hatched and source of loss 


1926 


1928 


1931 


Chicks hatched.. 


Nu mber 
502. 938 


Number 
701. 202 


Number 
659, 804 






Losses not due to disease: 

Predatorv animals and birds 


Percent 


Percent 
1.7 

m i 

L2 
1.1 
1.2 


Percent 
1.3 


Theft 




.3 


Accident ... 




.8 


C annibalism 

Not otherwise accounted for. 




.5 
1.0 








Total 

Losses due to disease 


3.8 
13.4 


5.3 
10.3 


3.9 

8.2 






Total losses 


17.2 


15.6 


12.1 



I 



Connecticut Home Egg-Laying Contest Bulletin, vol. 13, no. 5, Feb- 
ruary 1932. 



13 



Table 14. — Mortality in demonstration farm flocks, by 
breeds, 1929-33 



Breeds 



White Leghorns 

Barred Plymouth Rocks 

White Wyandottes 

Rhode Island Reds 

White Plymouth Rocks _ 

Miscellaneous 

Brown Leghorns 

Buff Orpingtons 

Light breeds 

Heavy breeds 



1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


Pet. 


Pet. 


Pet. 


Pet. 


Pet. 


13.6 


15.3 


13.6 


16.4 


17.6 


12.2 


12.8 


8.5 


18.9 


21.8 


8.6 


11.5 


21.1 


12.0 


15.7 


9.3 


9.8 


9.7 


12.1 


12.2 


16.6 


22.7 


12.5 


19.4 


16.4 


14.3 


15.9 


13.8 


14.0 


9.7 


6.3 


10.7 


11.7 


6.4 


12.0 


10.2 


13.4 


12.0 


15.0 


17.8 


13.7 


15.2 


13.6 


12.2 


17.8 


11.8 


13.8 


11.7 


11.2 


14.8 



Aver- 
age 



Pet. 
15.3 
14.0 
12 
10 
18 
13 
11 
13 
15 
12 



Five Years of Poultry Record Keeping in Missouri (1929 to 1933) Cir- 
cular 330, Missouri Agricultural Extension Service. 



Table 15. — Culling and mortality per 1,000 hens and 
pullets, 1927-28 to 1935-36 



Year 


Birds left 

from 
1,000 at 
end of 

year 


Birds 
culled 


Mortality 
(prolapse 

and 
disease) 


1927-28 


Number 
310 
363 
433 
429 
413 
392 
428 
389 
433 


Number 
553 
490 
422 
424 
424 
456 
432 
489 
442 


Number 
137 


1928-29 __ _ _ _ 


147 


1929-30 


145 


1930-31 


147 


1931-32 


163 


1932-33 


152 


1933-34 ___ 


140 


1934-35 


122 


1935-36 


125 







Home Egg-Laying Contest Bulletin, no. 12, vol. XVI, Extension Serv 
ice, Connecticut State College. 



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15 



Table 17. 



■Chickens sold: 
census years. 



Number and value, by States, 
1919 and 1929 



State 



Maine 

New Hampshire 

Vermont 

Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 

Connecticut 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Delaware 

Maryland 

District of Columbia 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 

Florida 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 

United States 



1919 



Thousand 

chickens 

737 

433 

337 

996 

143 

532 

4,105 

1,377 

6, 753 

9,197 

8,519 

12,433 

4,783 

4.007 

5, 023 

12, 399 

10.401 

'846 

1,846 

4,090 

6,106 

435 

1,619 

3 

4,701 

1,772 

3,150 

1,113 

1,957 

616 

3,713 

4,430 

1,847 

1,502 

1,815 

475 



3,340 

3,829 
605 
449 
154 
785 
154 
148 
276 
57 

1, 482 
909 

4,357 



140, 811 



Thousand 

dollars 

907 

538 

430 

1,218 

200 

714 

4,058 

1,941 

7,447 

8,668 

7,666 

11, 477 

4,385 

3,421 

3,975 

11, 161 

8,499 

552 

1,478 

3,334 

4,763 

441 

1,541 

4 

3,468 

1,513 

2,146 

765 

1,252 

530 

2,625 

3,167 

1,153 

936 

1,226 

322 

2,433 

2,567 

424 

326 

126 

636 

130 

132 

188 

46 

1, 141 

734 

2,909 



119, 723 



1929 



Thousand 
chickens 
1,845 
1,680 

661 
2,830 

318 
1,847 
9,194 
4,344 

13, 310 
16, 400 

14, 088 
18, 405 

8,724 
8,305 

11, 985 
22, 102 
18, 218 

2,662 
5,864 
9,942 

12, 817 
2,071 
3,563 

7 
7,648 
2,443 
5,028 
2,021 
3,754 
1,610 
5,963 
6,437 
3,113 
2,683 
3,752 
1,524 
8,360 
10, 707 
1,024 
1,124 

354 
2, 227 

409 

438 
1,533 

201 
5,200 
1,850 

13, 861 



284, 626 



Thousand 

dollars 

2,614 

2,575 

895 

4,460 

525 

2,780 

10, 607 

6,263 

15, 953 

16, 243 

13, 427 
17, 408 

8,575 

7,389 

9.489 

19, 428 

14, 836 
1,828 
4,458 
7,751 
9,712 
2,235 
3,774 

7 

6,951 

2,318 

4,399 

1,864 

2,982 

1,612 

4,900 

* 5, 161 

2, 433 

2,073 

2,827 

1,209 

6, 095 

7,721 

781 

898 

286 

1,773 

322 

402 

1,184 

192 

4,434 

1,708 

14, 699 



262, 516 



Bureau of the Census. 
129401°— 37— 



16 



Table 18. — Chickens: Estimated number sold from 

farms, 1931-35 \ 



State 



1931 



1932 



Maine 

New Hampshire. 

Vermont 

Massachusetts. _ 

Rhode Island 

Connecticut 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois.- 

Michigan 

"Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota. „ 
South Dakota.- . 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Delaware.. 

Maryland- - 

Virginia 

West Virginia. .. 
North Carolina.. 
South Carolina. . 

Georgia 

Florida 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 



United States. 



Thou- 
sands 

2,695 

2,295 
918 

4,445 
535 

3,070 
12, 675 

5, 785 

16, 330 
21, 3S5 

17, 960 
23. 040 
12,115 
12, 880 

18, 380 
33, 736 
20, 870 

3,995 

9,280 

15. 230 

2', 235 

2,270 

4.100 

8,030 

2,002 

4,390 

2,515 

3.500 

1,695 

6,121 

6,781 

3,620 

3,110 

3, 715 

1,190 

10,148 

14, 215 

1,680 

1,637 

659 

2, 865 

665 

625 

2,655 

339 

6,798 

2.945 

21, 222 



376, 346 



Thou- 
sands 
2,780 
2,215 
959 
4,725 
539 
3,105 

14, 540 
6,165 

15, 860 
20,800 
18, 680 
22, 860 
11, 915 
11, 690 
17, 455 
31, 310 
22, 330 

3,100 

8,165 

14, 230 

19, 850 

2,406 

4,665 

9,430 

2,475 

5,010 

2,340 

3,840 

1,495 

6,810 

6,905 

3,965 

3,010 

3,830 

1, 227 

10,100 

13, 535 

1,585 

1,495 

486 

2,560 

730 

590 

2,264 

290 

7,515 

2,477 

17, 690 



371, 998 



1933 



Thou- 
sands 



2,975 

2,547 

1,151 

5,011 

583 

3,416 

15, 429 

6,474 

16, 939 

22, 790 

19, 637 

24, 221 

13, 466 

12, 816 
18,144 
34, 457 
22,965 

3,647 
9,535 
15, 553 
21, 409 
2,632 
4,432 
8,773 
2,347 
4,811 
2,189 
3,453 
1.345 
6,853 
7,341 
3,722 
3, 127 
4,190 
1,135 
9, 807 

13, 333 
1,459 
1,473 

552 
2,573 

744 

647 
2,264 

263 

7, 269 

2,529 

16, 455 



388, 883 



1934 



Thou- 
sands 

2,735 

2,410 
929 

4.447 
536 

3,032 
13, 943 

6.376 

16, 349 
20,640 

17, 586 
24,193 
11,914 

12, 991 
16, 178 
33, 738 
22,053 

3,308 
6,807 
17, 168 
21, 254 
2,538 
4,007 
8,615 
2.560 
4,381 
2,146 
2,951 
1,099 
6,647 
7,073 
3,261 
2,663 
3,525 
1,149 
9,123 

13, 428 
1, 430 
1,693 

£39 
2,928 

685 

637 
2,131 

238 

7,148 

2.479 

17, 747 



371, 408 



17 



Table 19. — Chickens: Estimated number consumed on 
farms, 1931-85 



State 



Maine 

New Hampshire 

Vermont 

Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 

Connecticut 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio... 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota- 

Iowa 

Missouri. __ _ 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 

Kansas.-. 

Delaware. 

Maryland .-_ 

Virginia -. 

West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 

Florida 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Washington 

Oregon ___ 

California 

United States 



1931 1932 



Thou- 
sands 
485 
235 
390 
470 
71 
3S0 
4,040 
640 
5,460 
7,130 
7,500 
9, 650 
4,350 
6,076 
7,000 
8,790 
11, 860 
2,785 
3, 530 
6,860 
9,540 
470 
2,060 
7,090 
2,660 
7,930 
4,470 
6,985 
1,280 
7,394 
6,440 
6,055 
6,000 
5, 540 
4,110 
9,180 
16, 575 
1,855 
1, 565 
650 
2,180 
640 
240 
620 
85 
2,635 
1,860 
3,190 



207, 001 



Thou- 
sands 
535 
225 
420 
515 
80 
400 
4,650 
715 
5,740 
7,200 
7,815 
10, 420 
4,960 
6,015 
7,490 
9,320 
12, 690 
3,065 
3,460 
7,340 
10, 590 
540 
2,345 
7,800 
2,925 
8,330 
4,695 
6,985 
1,280 
8, 135 
6,825 
6,175 
6,300 
6,265 
4.235 
9,455 
18, 235 
1,760 
1,410 
630 
2,095 
705 
265 
558 
80 
2,635 
1,823 
3,030 



219, 161 



1933 



Thou- 
sands 
562 
276 
420 
567 
84 
440 
4,928 
765 
5, 453 
8,060 
7,971 
10, 524 
5,505 
7,218 
8,314 

10, 252 
13, 452 

3,249 
3,979 
7,707 

11, 543 
535 

2,180 

7,400 

2,633 

8,580 

4,272 

7,385 

1,330 

8,135 

6,962 

6,484 

5,922 

5,952 

4,447 

9,833 

17, 323 

1,760 

1,509 

693 

2,242 

754 

291 

636 

85 

2,714 

1,896 

3,424 



226, 640 



1934 



Thou- 
sands 
478 
216 
399 
505 
71 
387 
4,336 
711 
5,344 
7,093 
7,174 
9,682 
4,569 
5,990 
7,150 
9,640 
13, 048 
2,924 
2,865 
6,617 
10, 273 
482 
1,853 
7,770 
2,528 
8,237 
4,272 
7,088 
1, 264 
8,460 
6,332 
5,836 
6,100 
5,535 
4,447 
8,751 
15, 937 
1,619 
1,358 
624 
2,354 
686 
233 
591 
81 
2,578 
1,877 
3,253 



209, 626 



1935 



Thou- 
sands 
502 
227 
391 
505 
71 
406 
4,249 
754 
5,397 
7,727 
7,389 
9,876 
4,706 
6,409 
7,078 
9,165 
12,004 
2,491 
3,295 
6,222 
9,759 
496 
2,038 
8,003 
2,477 
8,484 
4,272 
6,805 
1,201 
8,291 
6,459 
5,836 
5,917 
4,760 
4,092 
8,313 
14, 662 
1,554 
1,290 
624 
1,765 
614 
233 
532 
80 
2,449 
1,821 
3,253 



204, 844 



18 



Table 20. — Chicken eggs produced, by States, census 
years, 1909-34 



State 



Maine 

New Hampshire. _ 

Vermont 

Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 

Connecticut 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Mississippi 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

NebravSka 

Kansas 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Dist. of Columbia. 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 

Florida 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 



1909 



1,000 

dozen 

14, 876 

7,470 

7,002 

13,961 

2,862 

8,498 

71, 191 

14, 591 
73. 683 

100, 284 

80, 029 
99, 118 
59, 556 
50,270 
53, 324 

108, 663 
110, 922 

17. 069 
24, 641 
46. 461 

81, OSS 
4,395 

15, 239 

51 
34. 539 

18, 949 
23,179 
10. 983 

20, 606 
6,349 

43. 782 
41, 244 

21, 946 
20. 337 
26, 487 
14, 423 
45, 356 
77, 378 

5,950 
6.434 
2,071 

10. 578 
2,961 
1,732 
4,645 

862 

16, 374 

11, 835 
40. 735 



United States. 



1. 574, 979 



1919 



1,000 
dozen 
9,977 
5,005 
5,167 
9,604 
1,537 
6,342 
62, 175 

13. 280 
75, 998 

102, 377 
83, 101 

105, 758 
55, 987 
53, 222 
60,250 

120, 697 

117, 204 

20, 820 
30, 352 
49, 133 
76, 137 

3. 908 

15, 086 

43 

36, 551 

21, 708 
24, 841 
12, 812 
23, 182 

6,531 
42, 225 
48. 707 
23, 437 
23,783 
28, 169 
13, 136 
45. 440 
70, 264 
11,858 
8,605 
3,166 

14, 172 
3,063 
2,525 
5,709 

895 
21, 356 
14. 626 
64, 124 



1, 651 045 



1924 



1929 



1,000 
dozen 

13, 613 
8,181 
6,372 

14, 325 
2,274 

11, 775 

87, 167 

27, 417 

102. 018 

112. 893 
86, 975 

113, 021 
68, 209 
60, 584 
76, 322 

133, 776 

129, 290 

20, 9S8 

35, 104 

54, 811 

93, 267 

6,381 

20, 069 

69 

30,044 

22, 125 

25, 587 

11, 109 

19, 838 

9. 577 

37, 045 

41, 039 

19, 467 
16, 185 
23, 923 

10, 472 
51, 477 
74, 552 
13, 403 

11. 708 
4,337 

18,561 
4,075 
3,741 
9,017 
1,437 

42, 030 

20. 658 
97. 907 



1, 913, 245 



1,000 

dozen 

13, 737 

8,537 

6,680 

18, 102 

2.469 

13, 578 

97, 927 

35, 956 

119, 624 

135, 990 
103, 540 

136, 829 
77, 402 
89, 500 

107, 304 

188, 336 

180, 350 

27,889 

53, 052 

85, 555 

135. 542 

11, 201 

27. 709 

102 

55. 349 

27. 930 

39, 301 

15, 907 

30, 534 

11.424 

53. 950 

57, 320 

34, 564 

30, 436 

39, 130 

22, 462 

80, 514 

154, 355 

15, 429 

16. 399 
5, 777 

27. 343 
6,791 
5,081 

18, 463 

2,146 

71, 429 

28, 343 
159. 421 



1934 



1,000 

dozen 
12, 844 
10, 694 
5,923 

24, 080 
2, 458 

16, 208 

97, 167 

36, 445 

112, 217 

120, 976 

80. 685 

109, 541 

79, 081 

93, 196 

102, 576 

147, 422 

118. 284 

19, 795 
29, 837 
68,423 
91, 385 

6,531 
21. 065 
107 
43. 067 
21, 696 
33, 601 

12, 377 
23. 034 
11.699 
39, 705 
41, 171 
28. 170 
23. 844 
27,424 
14, 007 
45, 743 

106. 785 

13. 221 
13, 630 

4.578 

20, 928 
5, 266 
3.723 

18, 892 

1.884 

56, 535 

25, 208 
117,779 



2. 689, 719 | 2, 160, 907 



Bureau of the Census 



19 



Table 21. — Eggs: Estimated number laid, by States, 

1931-85 



State 



Maine 

New Hampshire. _ _ 

Vermont 

Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 

Connecticut 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 

Florida 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 

United States 



1931 1932 1933 1934 



Mil- 
lions 

181 

112 
83 

244 
33 

179 
1,244 

438 
1,550 
1,721 
1,291 
1,703 
1,012 
1. 268 

1, 452 

2, 562 
2,288 

330 
706 

1,181 

1,757 
148 
339 
683 
343 
429 
194 
379 
180 
609 
653 
438 
353 
446 
260 
920 

1,900 

176 

225 

75 

333 

83 

64 

319 

30 

923 

331 

2,276 



34, 442 



Mil- 
lions 
185 
113 
82 
244 
33 
192 
1,225 
443 
504 
646 
219 
606 
057 
163 
316 
320 
076 
275 
556 
1,027 
1, 533 
140 
356 
713 
336 
425 
177 
378 
179 
601 
651 
425 
358 
483 
246 
878 
1,893 
150 
210 
68 
289 
79 
58 
274 
27 
858 
334 
1,997 



32, 308 



Mil- 
lions 

198 

126 
86 

246 
38 

203 
1,270 

467 
1, 514 
1,592 
1,173 

1, 597 
1,036 
1,166 
1,332 

2, 356 
2,024 

284 
582 

1, 051 

1,533 
137 
356 
721 
324 
435 
178 
361 
171 
595 
632 
415 
328 
469 
243 
851 

1,723 

155 

193 

65 

271 

82 

58 

253 

23 

817 

299 

1,801 



31, 828 



Mil- 
lions 
191 
126 
83 
253 
37 
210 
1,301 
475 
1,571 
1,579 
1,150 
1,573 
1,016 
1,272 
1,281 
2,333 
1,814 
255 
467 
1,002 
1,390 
134 
356 
702 
311 
442 
174 
344 
158 
592 
614 
408 
308 
429 
237 
778 
1,569 
149 
188 
62 
268 
75 
60 
273 
26 
837 
314 
1,819 



31, 006 



1935 



Mil- 
lions 
184 
128 
79 
242 
35 
206 
323 
498 
616 
625 
165 
1, 534 
988 
1,285 
1,251 
2,237 
1,729 
227 
418 
915 
1,311 
135 
373 
742 
319 
432 
176 
346 
159 
617 
639 
401 
319 
368 
227 
731 
1,509 
134 
168 
56 
250 
72 
55 
254 
24 
761 
310 
1,682 



30, 253 



20 



Table 22. — Eqgs: Value of chicken eggs produced, by 
States, census years, 1909-84 



State 



Maine 

New Hampshire 

Vermont 

Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 

Connecticut 

New York 

New Jersey -- 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska.. 

Kansas... 

Delaware. 

Maryland.. 

District of Columbia 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 

Florida.. 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico. 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Washington 

Oreeon -- 

California 

.United States. 



1909 


1919 


1924 


1929 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


dollars 


dollars 


dollars 


dollars 


3,770 


5,487 


5,717 


5,811 


2,033 


2,853 


3,600 


3,890 


1,703 


2,738 


2,549 


2,704 


4,212 


6,051 


7,592 


8,874 


838 


907 


1,206 


1,218 


2, 451 


3,805 


5,887 


6,393 


16, 777 


31,088 


33, 021 


37, 031 


3,832 


7,304 


11, 515 


15, 307 


16, 239 


36, 479 


37, 70§ 


42, 862 


19, 610 


42, 998 


35, 474 


43, 149 


15, 150 


32, 410 


24, 924 


30, 276 


18, 751 


40,188 


32,2S6 


39, 738 


11. 6.53 


23, 515 


20,604 


24, 279 


9,431 


20, 224 


17, 444 


26, 198 


9.640 


21, 690 


20, 956 


28,987 


19,043 


42,244 


34,841 


50,727 


19, 230 


42, 193 


35, 243 


47, 573 


2,985 


7,079 


4,870 


6,700 


4, 155 


10,016 


8,786 


13,449 


7.903 


16, 705 


13,346 


21,539 


13, 767 


26, 648 


23,619 


34,588 


956 


1,993 


2,361 


4,066 


3,177 


6,638 


6,946 


9,296 


15 


22 


23 


36 


6,779 


15, 352 


11, 632 


17,120 


3.628 


8,900 


6,976 


8,983 


4,197 


10, 433 


7,783 


12, 362 


2,148 


5,894 


3,278 


5,178 


3,940 


9,736 


5,709 


9,485 


1,370 


3,069 


3,545 


4,832 


7,529 


15, 201 


10, 072 


15, 389 


7,142 


18, 022 


11, 067 


15,909 


3,714 


8,672 


5,363 


10, 078 


3,617 


9,037 


4,525 


8,660 


4,366 


10, 140 


6,458 


10, 516 


2,407 


4,992 


2,999 


6,272 


7, 454 


16,358 


12, 707 


20,165 


11, 860 


25, 998 


18, 937 


38, 617 


1,590 


4,625 


3,494 


4,244 


1,531 


3,442 


3,185 


4,570 


494 


1,298 


1,202 


1,639 


2,420 


5,669 


5,094 


7,369 


678 


1,347 


1,209 


2,003 


526 


1,187 


1,325 


1,955 


990 


2,112 


2,518 


5,313 


260 


430 


519 


683 


4,277 


10,038 


13, 920 


22, 575 


2,887 


6,435 


6,291 


9,134 


10, 170 


31, 421 


31, 615 


51, 519 


303, 296 


661, 083 


571, 939 


799, 261 



Bureau of the Census. 



21 



Table 23. — Eggs: Value of chicken eggs produced on 
farms, by States, 1931-85 



State 



Maine 

New Hampshire... 

Vermont 

Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 

Connecticut 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Delaware. 

Maryland 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 

Florida 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah.. 

Nevada 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 

United States 



1931 1932 1933 1934 



1,000 

dollars 

4,434 

2,901 

1,851 

7,369 

888 

4,815 

26, 000 

10, 600 

29, 450 

26, 159 

17, 428 

22, 820 

15,382 

17, 498 

17, 714 

31,513 

26, 975 

3,465 

7,625 

12, 637 

19, 503 

2,842 

6,034 

10, 928 

5,694 

7,036 

3,473 

6,140 

3,564 

8,039 

8,554 

6,088 

4,801 

5,352 

3. 848 

9,936 

21, 850 

2,306 

2,700 

1,148 

4,496 

1,253 

1,350 

4,434 

498 

14, 491 

4,733 

37, 782 



496, 397 



1,000 
dollars 
3,792 
2,463 
1,533 
6,198 
762 
4,320 

21, 315 
8,816 

22, 861 
19, 423 
12, 678 
16, 702 

12, 895 

13, 374 

12, 897 

22, 736 
19, 099 

2,310 
4,948 
8,832 

13, 030 
2,128 
4,877 
8,699 
5,099 
5,312 
2,390 
4,838 
2,828 
5,950 
6,315 
4,590 
3,652 
4,395 
2,706 
7,112 

15,326 

1,830 

2,247 

891 

3,092 

940 

969 

3,261 

402 

11,240 

4,175 

28, 557 



1,030 
dollars 
3,614 
2,510 
1,484 
5,781 
774 
4,364 

20, 955 
9,106 

22, 205 
18, 308 
11, 828 
15, 837 

11, 569 

12, 729 
12, 765 

21, 793 
17, 373 

2,319 
4,850 
8,758 

12, 647 
1,964 
4,836 
8,892 
4,050 
5,546 
2, 403 
4,603 
2,707 
5,702 
6,057 
4,496 
3,389 
4,143 
2,693 
7,304 

15, 507 

1,757 

2,252 

807 

2,823 

977 

957 

3,057 

353 

11, 166 
3,862 

25, 814 



373,805 359,686 433,491 



1,000 

dollars 

4,107 

2,951 

1,702 

6,620 

919 

5,075 

24, 827 

10, 450 

27, 231 
22, 106 
14, 758 
20, 318 

14, 309 
17, 172 

15, 372 
27,802 
20, 559 

2,720 
5,059 

10,688 

15, 058 
2,256 
5, 815 

10,530 
4,665 
7,072 
2,842 
5, 418 
3,028 
7,449 
7,777 
5,712 
3,978 
5,005 
3,200 
8,817 

19, 090 
1,887 
2,350 
878 
3,305 
1,075 
1,180 
3,686 
433 

12, 834 
4,605 

28, 801 



1935 



1,000 
dollars 
4,815 
3, 595 
1, 955 
7,260 
1,000 

5, 802 
32, 193 
13, 197 
35, 552 
31, 822 

21. 261 
27, 996 
19, 474 

24, 630 
22,309 
39, 707 
29, 825 

3, 802 

7,141 

15, 402 

22, 068 
2, 858 
7,833 

14, 222 
6,061 
8,280 

3, 373 

6, 632 
3,591 

10, 643 
10, 863 
6,817 
5, 343 
6,256 
3,991 
12, 244 

25, 905 
2,580 
3,010 
1,157 
4,708 
1,476 
1,343 

4, 847 
520 

15,030 

5,864 

35. 322 



581, 575 



22 



Table 24. — Eggs: Estimated number sold except for 
hatching, by States, 1931-1935 



State 



Maine 

Mew Hainpshire. 

Vermont 

Massachusetts. _ 
Rhode Island. __ 

Connecticut 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania ... 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa.. 

Missouri 

North Dakota- 
South Dakota... 

Nebraska. - 

Kansas.. 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 



West Virginia. . 
North Carolina. 
South Carolina- 
Georgia 

Florida 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyorning 

Colorado 

New Mexico. _. 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 



United States. 



1931 


1932 


1933 


Mil- 


Mil- 


Mil- 


lions 


lions 


lions 


137 


140 


152 


92 


92 


104 


54 


53 


56 


200 


201 


202 


27 


27 


30 


145 


160 


170 


963 


933 


934 


377 


383 


405 


1,245 


1,213 


1,216 


1,339 


1,273 


1,210 


973 


903 


869 


1, 226 


1,125 


1,099 


729 


778 


758 


917 


■828 


810 


1,073 


939 


969 


1,963 


1,729 


1,744 


1,823 


1,614 


1,588 


158 


99 


113 


504 


358 


398 


819 


680 


696 


1,356 


1,139 


1,140 


127 


120 


116 


271 


288 


289 


462 


485 


513 


233 


229 


223 


156 


139 


164 


74 


57 


59 


177 


171 


152 


122 


124 


121 


313 


295 


305 


417 


403 


382 


197 


182 


173 


111 
161 


115 

205 


99 

192 


76 


63 


71 


490 


468 


452 


1,080 


980 


892 


81 


46 


55 


149 


142 


121 


40 


36 


34 


215 


176 


154 


43 


39 


40 


49 

277 

22 

784 


43 
235 

19 
715 


43 

213 

15 

677 


234 


244 


209 


2,015 


1,756 


1,564 


24, 530 


22, 445 


22, 019 



1934 



Mil- 
lions 
150 
105 
54 
212 
31 
180 
1,018 
415 
1,282 
1,227 
836 
1,115 
746 
918 
934 
1,794 
1,443 
113 
304 
694 
1,054 
112 
290 
499 
210 
177 
56 
133 
108 
302 
361 
162 
86 
199 
67 
406 
783 
59 
125 
32 
158 
36 
46 
235 
18 
704 
231 
1,607 



21, 909 



23 



Table 25. — Eggs: Estimated number consumed on farms, 
by States, 1931-85 




Maine 

New Hampshire 

Vermont 

Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 

Connecticut 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

Nortk Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 

Florida 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 

United States 



1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


Mil- 


Mil- 


Mil- 


Mil- 


lions 


lions 


lions 


lions 


37 


38 


38 


35 


15 


16 


16 


16 


26 


26 


27 


26 


34 


32 


32 


31 


5 


5 


5 


5 


28 


24 


25 


23 


244 


249 


261 


245 


46 


44 


46 


45 


258 


241 


248 


241 


323 


309 


315 


293 


260 


255 


245 


233 


407 


407 


423 


389 


246 


241 


239 


237 


311 


296 


311 


314 


323 


323 


307 


270 


507 


502" 


512 


451 


391 


333 


380 


302 


150 


162 


156 


131 


176 


173 


156 


147 


286 


300 


303 


264 


338 


328 


321 


276 


15 


15 


16 


16 


54 


52 


53 


52 


188 


190 


175 


168 


100 


95 


90 


90 


246 


256 


243 


238 


105 


105 


106 


104 


179 


184 


186 


190 


51 


49 


44 


44 


267 


272 


258 


258 


233 


216 


220 


224 


220 


220 


220 


227 


222 


222 


211 


203 


263 


255 


255 


212 


172 


172 


160 


158 


389 


366 


359 


337 


751 


751 


766 


728 


88 


97 


93 


84 


69 


62 


65 


57 


32 


30 


28 


28 


108 


103 


106 


99 


37 


37 


39 


36 


13 


13 


13 


12 


35 


33 


33 


33 


7 


7 


7 


7 


119 


121 


119 


113 


86 


80 


80 


74 


211 


199 


193 


170 


8,654 


8,556 


8,484 


7,936 



1935 



Mil- 
lions 
33 
18 
25 
29 
5 

22 

238 

43 

243 

284 

231 

377 

242 

289 

283 

460 

302 

130 

141 

264 

270 

15 

48 

165 

85 

243 

102 

180 

44 

255 

220 

218 

193 

191 

142 

320 

692 

81 

56 

28 

99 

32 

11 

31 

7 

113 

70 

165 



7,733 



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28 



Table 28. — Poultry, dressed: Quantities inspected l and 
canned or used in canning by plants, 1932-35 



Month 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


Januarv 


1,000 

pounds 

1,268 

1,413 

1,570 

1,137 

1,186 

1, 039 

550 

625 

483 

976 

1,310 

1,337 


1,000 

pounds 

1,461 

1,546 

1,233 

762 

703 

950 

795 

1,270 

1,074 

1,152 

1,458 

1,359 


1,000 
pounds 
1,507 
1,219 
1,851 
1,353 
1,298 
1,453 
1,693 
1,505 
1,418 
1,206 
1, 627 
1,801 


1,000 
pounds 
2,289 


February 


2,127 


March. . 


2,055 


April .- -. 


1,386 


May 


1,850 


June . _- 


1,936 


Julv 


2,477 


August- _ 


1,994 


September _ 


1,001 


October.- 


1,226 


November. 


1,613 


December 


2,023 






Total 


12, 894 


13, 763 


17, 931 


21, 977 







1 Inspected and certified for condition and wholesomeness. 



Table 29. — Poultry, live: Freight receipts at New York 
City, 1930-35 



Month 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


January 


Cars 
841 
735 
813 
9f4 
772 
705 
781 
849 

1,085 

1,014 
986 

1,142 


Cars 
854 
820 

1,004 
773 
713 
713 
677 
743 

1,048 
844 
911 

1,052 


Cars 
715 
741 
860 
808 
640 
632 
559 
687 
794 
849 
937 
904 


Cars 
709 
648 
685 
734 
560 
516 
422 
655 
732 
782 
904 
803 


Cars 
772 
624 
730 
596 
610 
495 
490 
599 
687 
650 
678 
710 


Cars 
566 


February 


426 


March 

April . _. 


449 
494 


May _- 


400 


June __ 


349 


July 


336 


August.. 


358 


September... 


444 


October 


525 


November 


651 


December 


489 






Total 


10,677 


10, 152 


9,126 


8,150 


7,641 


5.3S7 







29 



Table 30. — Poultry, live: Express receipts l at New York 
City, 1930-85 



Mcnth 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


January i. 


Cars 
25 
13 
25 

42 
51 
63 
77 
46 
49 
41 
23 
21 


Cars 
25 
19 
17 
20 
27 
40 
42 
28 
24 
18 
12 
13 


Cars 
15 
15 
11 
1] 
12 
19 
16 
14 
11 
10 
13 
13 


Cars 

11 

14 

11 

8 

8 

10 

10 

10 

9 

6 

8 

8 


Cars 
7 
8 

12 
8 
8 

10 
9 

11 

10 
9 

10 
9 


Cars 
11 


February. 


15 


March .. ._ ___ ___ 


15 


April 'i 


11 


May _ -_ 


8 


June - X 


10 


July 


11 


August 


10 


September 

October . _ 


10 
12 


November 


11 


December 


13 






Total- .__ 


476 


285 


160 


113 


111 


137 







i Converted on basis of 16,000 pounds per car. 

Table 31. — Poultry, live: Truck receipts at New York 
City, 1930-85 



Month 



January. .. 
February.- 

March 

April 

May. 

June. 

July.. 

August 

September 
October. _. 
November. 
December. 

Tota 



1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


Cars 


Cars 


Cars 


Cars 


Cars 


78 


58 


114 


114 


94 


50 


64 


116 


134 


74 


72 


108 


161 


177 


167 


152 


139 


159 


188 


170 


181 


177 


232 


271 


298 


195 


224 


302 


375 


307 


213 


245 


252 


292 


230 


99 


110 


176 


211 


250 


117 


117 


172 


185 


314 


118 


86 


126 


154 


203 


58 


75 


107 


106 


163 


53 

1,386 


95 


131 


109 


158 


1,498 


2,048 


2,316 


2,428 



1935 



Cars 
176 
188 
232 
297 
271 
283 
275 
292 
284 
333 
223 
303 



3,157 



30 



Table 32. — Live poultry: Total receipts by freight, 
express, and truck at New York City, by State of 
origin, 1931-35 



State 



Maine 

New Hampshire 

Vermont 

Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 

Connecticut 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Delaware 

Maryland 

District of Columbia. 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 

Florida 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana _. 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

Arizona 



1931 



United States. 



1,000 
pounds 

1, 124 

2, 853 
525 

5,695 

1,181 

1,776 

6, 707 

1,770 

1,522 

P, 377 

15, 080 

15, 650 

1 

3,072 

2. 993 

11, 733 

26, 411 

1,216 

4,800 

15, 760 

7,152 

5,049 

2, 448 

72 

2,295 

82 

1.040 

946 

1,000 

48 

9,496 

13, 714 

2,657 

1,200 

5,744 

0) 

11, 648 

3,728 

16 

384 



193, 965 



1932 



1,000 

pounds 

1,237 

3,947 

279 

6,111 

1,425 

2,300 

5,456 

1,703 

2,042 

7,451 

16, 915 

13, 642 

33 

1,088 

928 

9,579 

29, 486 

768 

4,350 

12, 832 

6,880 

8,207 

4,586 

52 

2,581 

66 

993 

707 

561 

64 

9,551 

11, 068 

2,416 

960 

4,640 

192 

7,134 

2,928 



272 
0) 



185, 430 



1933 



1,000 

pounds 

1,231 

4,135 

91 

7,142 

1,078 

2,432 

7,616 

1,167 

2,426 

7,481 

17, 941 

19, 764 

48 

160 

465 

6,913 

25, 828 

352 

2,512 

6,932 

4,087 

8,781 

3,325 

43 

3,195 

35 

980 

392 

145 

2 

11,817 

13, 059 

1,584 

736 

3,968 

48 

3,968 

2, 000 



32 



173,911 



1934 



1,000 

pounds 

418 

3,531 

94 

5,895 

2,068 

3,366 

7,954 

3,101 

4,798 

5,408 

16, 082 

18, 076 

0) 

32 

450 

6,706 

26, 672 

97 

2,364 

10, 544 

3,777 

9,019 

1. 950 

9 

1,851 

12 

338 

145 

0) 

(') 

9,542 

10, 776 

576 

529 

4,864 



5, 488 

1,184 

16 

16 



167, 748 



i Less than 500 pounds. 



ol 



Table 33. — Live poultry: Receipts at New York City 
by State of origin, by freight, as percentage of total 
live-poultry receipts, 1931-35 



State 



New York 

Pennsylvania. . 
Ohio 

T ndiana ~ 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota. . 
South Dakota. . 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Maryland 

Virginia 

West Virginia. . 
North Carolina. 
South Carolina- 
Georgia - 

Florida 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

Wyoming 

Colorado 



United States. 



1931 



Ptrcent 



8.41 
99.68 
99.94 
99. 99 



100. 00 

100. 00 

99.81 

99.96 

100. 00 

100. 00 

100. 00 

100. 00 

.61 

66.92 



96.92 

99. 79 

99.20 

100. 00 

99.94 

99.98 

99.96 

100. 00 

100.00 



100. 00 
100. 00 
100. 00 
100.00 



83.74 



1932 



Percent 



3.14 

98.99 

99.42 

99.81 

96.97 

100.00 

100. 00 

99.89 

99.79 

100. 00 

99. 68 

100. 00 

100.00 



40.91 



80.56 

99.58 

99.82 

100.00 

99.84 

99.75 

100.00 

100.00 

100.00 

100.00 

99.80 

100. 00 



100. 00 



78.74 



1933 



Percent 



0.70 

98.81 

97. 38 

99.89 

100. 00 

100. 00 

99.78 

99.99 

99.80 

100.00 

100. 00 

99.71 

99.44 



17.03 
45.71 
57. 14 
97.96 
99.31 



99.11 
98.63 
100.00 
100.00 
100.00 
100.00 
100.00 
100.00 



100. 00 



74.98 



1934 



Percent 



99.41 
97.60 
99.84 



100. 00 
99. 56 
99.97 

100.00 
98.97 
99.49 

100. 00 

99.97 

2.46 

19.88 



42.60 
77.24 



97.25 
91.76 

100. 00 
99.81 

100.00 



100. 00 
100. 00 
100. 00 
100. 00 



72.88 



1935 



Percent 
0.18 



99.92 
99.06 
99.72 



100.00 
85. 33 
100.00 
99.99 
100. 00 
100.00 
100.00 
100. 00 



53 



28.73 
99.57 
98.46 



94.09 

77.81 

100. 00 

100.00 

100. 00 



100.00 
100.00 



100.00 



59.35 



129401°— 37- 



32 



Table 34. — Live poultry: Receipts at New York City, by 
State of origin, by express, as percentage of total live- 
poultry receipts, 1931-35 



State 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


Maine 


Percent 

26.42 

24. 29 

89. 52 

6.90 

3.81 

3.32 

24.51 

3.33 

18.79 

.11 

.04 

.01 

100. 00 


Percent 

12.37 

7.37 

96.06 

2.77 

1.33 

.70 

13. 21 

2.88 

6.51 

.20 

.02 

.03 

3.03 


Percent 

2.44 

1.84 

80.22 

1.32 

.46 

.45 

7.75 

2.23 

3.75 

.03 

.03 

.01 


Percent 

3.83 

1.05 

92.55 

3.53 

.34 

.09 

8.07 

.71 

1.71 

.04 

.01 

.03 


Percent 
1.91 


New Hampshire.. 


.47 


Vermont 


100. 00 


M assachusetts 


1.70 


Rhode Island 


.08 


C onnecticut 


.12 


New York 

New Jersey 


7.48 
1.27 


Pennsylvania 


3.09 


Ohio.. 


.03 


Indiana 


.06 


Illinois 




Michigan 




Minnesota 


.22 
.01 


.44 

.03 




Iowa 


.05 
.01 


.01 




Missouri 


.01 


North Dakota 






1.03 

.03 

.11 

1.18 

100. 00 

19.99 

25.00 

1.48 

1.38 




Kansas 






.02 

.02 

.57 

76.74 

21.41 

28.57 

2.65 

2.04 

.69 

100. 00 

.07 

.11 




Delaware _. 


.12 

3.55 

61. 11 

18.35 

18. 29 

1.35 

.21 

.10 


.11 

.74 

57.69 

23.06 

6.06 

2.32 

.42 

.18 


.04 


Maryland... _ . 


1.55 


District of Columbia 

Virerinia ... 


100. 00 
16.71 


West Virginia ._ 


62.50 


North Carolina 

South Carolina ... 


2.37 
.43 


Georgia. 


1.54 


Florida 




Kentucky ... 


.06 

.01 
.04 


.06 

.05 


2.50 
.03 


5.75 


Tennessee 


.01 


Alabama ... 




Mississippi 






.19 














United States 


2.36 


1.38 


1.04 


1.06 


1.51 



33 



Table 35. — Live poultry: Receipts at New York City, by 
State of origin, by truck, as percentage of total live- 
poultry receipts, 1931-35 



State 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


Maine . 


Percent 
73.58 
75.71 
10.48 
93.10 
96.19 
96.68 
75.49 
96.67 
72.80 
.21 
.02 


Percent 

87.63 

92.63 

3.94 

97.23 

98.67 

99.30 

86.79 

97.12 

90.35 

.81 

.56 

.16 


Percent 

97.58 

98.16 

19.78 

98.68 

99.54 

99.55 

92.25 

97.77 

95.55 

1.16 

2.59 

.10 


Percent 

96.17 

98.95 

7.45 

96.47 

99.66 

99.91 

91.93 

99.29 

98.29 

.55 

2.39 

.13 


Percent 
98.09 


New Hampshire _ 


99.53 


Vermont - 




Massachusetts. _ _ __. 


98.30 


Rhode Island _ 


99.92 


Connecticut 


99.88 


New York 


92.34 


New Jersey _. ... . 


98.73 


Pennsylvania 


96.91 


Ohio 


.05 


Indiana 


.88 


Illinois - 


.28 


Minnesota . 




14.67 


Iowa 


.14 
.03 


.10 
.21 
.32 








Missouri 


.20 

~~".~29~ 
.54 
99.98 
99.43 
23.26 
61.56 
25.72 
40. 21 






South Dakota. 


.51 




Nebraska . 






Kansas ... 










Delaware 


99.88 
95.84 
38.89 
14.73 
81. 71 
1.73 


99.89 
99.26 
42.31 
36.03 
93.94 
17.12 


99.89 
96.36 


99.96 


Maryland 


98.45 


District of Columbia.. . ___ 




Virginia 


60.13 
75.00 
55.92 
21.38 


73.76 


West Virginia 


37. 50 


North Carolina 


68.90 


South Carolina.. _ . ._ . 




Georgia . 


.70 








Kentucky 


.10 
.20 
.20 


.82 
1.26 


.25 

8.21 


.16 


Tennessee 


.01 


22.18 


Oklahoma 














United States 


13.90 


19.88 


23.98 


26.06 


39.14 







34 



Table 36. — Poultry, live: Specified classes of poultry 
received at New York City by freight as a percentage l 
of receipts of all classes of live poultry, 1933-35 



Year and month 



T33 

January 

February 

March — 

April 

May 

June 

July 



Fowl 



Pet. 
70.1 
87.7 
92.5 
95.0 
95.5 
92.3 
81.0 



August | 61.2 

September ! 48.6 

October i 48.5 



November 

December 

Average 3 _._ 



1934 

January 

February. - 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September. 
October — 
November. 
December. 



50.8 
65.2 



Broil- 
ers 



Pet. 



0.4 
3.7 
6.6 
3.7 
.1 



72.0 



82 3 
89.2 
93.2 
93.9 



Average -. 



1935 
January I 87.0 



February 

March 

April 

May 

June. 

July 

August 

September 

October 

November 

December 

Average * 



92.8 
94.4 
96.4 
93 6 
88.0 
80.9 
64.5 
51.6 
55.6 
57.8 
74.4 



Chick- 
ens 



Pet. 

22.6 

8.2 

4. 1 

1.8 

. 5 

. 7 

9.1 

32.4 

47.8 

47.9 

30.5 

20.7 



20.6 



Ca- 
pons 



Ducks 
and 
geese 



Pet. 

1.2 

1.2 

.6 

.3 

.1 



Pet. 

2.6 

.8 

.6 

.5 

. 5 

.6 

. 5 

. 7 

1.5 

1.8 

6.3 

8.2 



2.4 



Tur- 
kevs 



Other 
clas- 
ses 



Pet. 
1.7 
. 7 
.4 
.4 
.3 
. 3 
.2 
.1 
.1 
. 5 

11.2 
4.0 



2.0 



1.1 



12.3 


. 7 


6.6 


.6 


3.5 


.3 


2.1 


.1 


.4 




.8 




10.8 




24.8 




44.0 




38. 3 




21.4 


.1 


13.9 


.3 


15.4 


. 2 



2.2 
1.2 

.8 

. 7 

.8 

. 7 

. 7 

1.0 

1.6 

1.4 

3.8 

4.1 



1.6 



.1 



.1 

2.2 

4.7 

3.6 

.9 

.1 

.1 

.1 



7. i 
3.9 

2.7 

1.0 

.5 

3.1 

11.9 

31.8 

46.0 

41.5 

23.6 

15.1 



16.1 



2.0 

1.1 

.9 

. 7 

.6 

.5 

.5 

.6 

.8 

1.4 

3.1 

4.3 



1.5 



.8 
.6 
. 5 
.3 
.5 
.5 
.4 
.1 
.4 
.8 
13.8 
4.0 



2.0 



.9 
.6 
.3 
.3 
.6 
.8 
.2 
.1 
.1 
.2 
13.8 
4.4 



2.2 



Pet. 
1.8 
1.4 
1.8 
2.0 
2.7 
2.4 
2.6 



1.8 



1.7 
1.8 
1.7 
2.8 
3.6 
4.0 
2.2 
2.5 
1.7 
1.3 
1.4 
1.2 



2.1 



1.6 
1.0 
1.5 
1.5 
2.5 
2.9 
2.9 
2.1 
1.4 
1.2 
1.3 
1.3 



1.7 



1 Based on space occupied in cars. 

2 Averages are the annual receipts of each class as a percentage of annual 
receipts of all classes. 



35 



Table 37. — Poultry, live: Freight receipts at Chicago 

1980-35 




January... 
February.. 

March 

April 

May. _ 

June 

July 

August 

September- 
October. .. 
November. 
December. 

Total 



1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


Cars 


Cars 


Cars 


Cars 


Cars 


58 


79 


39 


12 


6 


53 


59 


25 


6 


5 


64 


78 


31 


12 


25 


94 


74 


33 


23 


34 


68 


70 


13 


3 


10 


83 


47 


11 


2 


11 


77 


60 


17 


1 


32 


116 


74 


35 


3 


32 


133 


66 


23 


11 


48 


135 


70 


28 


27 


41 


141 


82 


40 


35 


37 


119 


78 


23 


20 


24 


1, 141 


837 


318 


155 


305 



1935 



Cars 



175 



Table 38. — Poultry, live: Express receipts at Chicago, 

1930-35 



Month 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


J anuary 


Cars 
200 
163 
154 
177 
195 
169 
184 
171 
162 
165 
185 
188 


Cars 

128 

114 

114 

130 

120 

126 

108 

80 

95 

78 

86 

98 


Cars 
78 
67 
79 
61 
53 
52 
28 
29 
28 
29 
34 
32 


Cars 
32 
32 
33 
35 
26 
32 
23 
27 
27 
26 
35 
30 


Cars 
38 
33 
41 
24 
28 
29 
26 
26 
28 
24 
31 
32 


Cars 
30 


February 

March 


26 
26 


April _ 


28 


Mav. .. 


26 


June 

July 


26 
22 


August. _ 


27 


September . _ 


27 


October 

November _ _ 


29 

36 


December 


36 






Total 


2,113 


1,277 


570 


358 


360 


337 



36 



Table 39. — Poultry, live: Truck receipts at Chicago, 
1930-85 



Month 



January... 
February. _ 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July. 

August 

September- 
October 

November- 
December . 

Total 



1930 1931 1932 1933 



Cars 
141 
88 
65 
121 
152 
173 
221 
215 
219 
240 
240 
246 

2,121 



Cars 
119 
141 
107 
162 
207 
274 
285 
264 
321 
295 
374 
353 

2,902 



Cars 
195 
172 
199 
209 
283 
353 
283 
322 
356 
345 
409 
335 

3,461 



Cars 
240 
209 
177 
200 
298 
396 
340 
380 
362 
359 
420 
391 

3,772 



1934 1935 



Cars 
280 
193 
188 
176 
324 
348 
321 
344 
324 
321 
479 
360 

3,658 



Cars 
198 
178 
184 
231 
296 
315 
354 
364 
302 
348 
377 
315 

3,462 



37 

Table 40. — Poultry, dressed: Receipts, gross weight, 1 at 
New York City, 1926-86 



Month 



January. ._ 
February.- 

March 

April 

May 

June _- 

July 

August 

September. 
October... 
November. 
December. 

Total 



1926 



1,000 
pounds 

13, 078 
10, 646 

9,921 

8,248 

10, 594 

14, 041 

13, 555 

14, 609 
15,068 
18. 129 
31, 924 
33, 082 



192. 895 



1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 



1,000 

pounds 

12, 954 

8,957 

8,722 

7,770 

11, 633 

13, 635 

12, 168 

14, 589 

15, 470 
17, 682 

31, 740 

32, 797 



188, 117 



1,000 

pounds 

14, 999 

11, 064 

9,322 

9,703 

10, 628 

11, 127 

13, 252 

13, 850 

14, 332 
21, 799 
31, 846 
32, 454 



194, 376 



1,000 
pounds 

14, 221 
10, 900 

9,964 
9,520 

10, 233 

11, 876 
13, 078 

15, 707 

16, 558 
20, 602 

31, 495 

32, 903 



197, 057 



1,000 
pounds 
15, 054 
11, 674 

8,476 
10, 630 
13, 877 
14, 999 

11, 807 

12, 533 
15, 383 
19, 647 
32, 584 
34, 221 



200, 885 



1,000 
pounds 
17, 969 
13, 396 
9,920 
10,073 
10, 553 
13, 657 
15, 242 
18, 294 
21, 147 
18, 749 
33, 029 
36, 882 



218,911 



Month 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


January 


1,000 
pounds 

12, 534 
9,910 

10, 292 

8,852 

11, 454 

13, 728 
12, 708 

14, 288 

15, 362 
19, 651 
34, 609 
32, 057 


1,000 
pounds 
15, 747 
11, 835 
10, 963 
12, 115 
15, 014 
15, 640 
14, 144 
16, 329 
17, 417 
21, 220 
39, 622 
33, 048 


1,000 

pounds 

18, 169 

10, 957 

9,705 

8,209 

12, 633 

15, 976 

15, 069 

14, 477 

16, 118 

19, 717 

32, 953 

30, 084 


1,000 

pounds 

12, 279 

9,769 

8,568 

9,145 

9,934 

12, 663 

12, 171 

11, 289 

14, 227 

16, 559 

31, 613 

27, 664 


1,000 
pound* 
11,968 


February.. 


9,260 


March ... . 


9,747 


April _ 


9,749 


May 


12, 885 


June 


14, 847 


July 


15, 261 


August . 


17, 926 


September 

October. . ___ 




November 

December „ 








Total 


195, 445 


223, 094 


204, 067 


175, 881 




'■• 





1 Gross weight includes container and wrapping. 



38 



Table 41.-— Poultry, dressed: Receipts, gross weight, 1 at 
New York City, by States of origin, 1932-35 



State 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


Arkansas .. _ __ . 


1,000 

pounds 

703 

1,707 

1,741 

3 

35 


1,000 

pounds 

898 

416 

1,004 

8 

5 

30 

62 

738 

22, 460 

7.305 

38. 090 

21, 936 

2,484 

43 


1,000 

pounds 

698 

2,235 

1,628 

10 

3 

23 

62 

934 

14, 194 

6,480 

40, 370 

21, 424 

2.074 

43 

23 

104 

97 

509 

27, 632 

150 

13,101 

653 

13, 533 

21 


1,000 
pounds 
759 


California 


5,487 


Colorado 


1,497 


Delaware ... _.. 


14 


"District of Columbia 


53 


Florida _ 


110 


Georgia. - -- -- - 




106 


Idaho._ 


1,442 
20, 970 

8,368 
26. 995 
19. 746 

2,237 


700 


Illinois.. _ _ _ ... ... 


16, 310 


Indiana 


7.713 


Iowa . . -. 


30, 363 


Kansas. _. _■ _ 


12, 338 


Kentucky 

Louisiana ... . 


2,522 


Maine _ _ 


52 
179 
114 

1,649 
24, 450 

178 
10, 399 

545 
10, 031 


29 


Maryland 

Massachusetts. . . 


199 
136 
370 

26, 806 
253 

16, 385 
739 

14, 189 


101 
773 


Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi . _ . 


381 

21,363 

140 


Missouri 

Montana _. 


10. 145 
355 


Nebraska .. 


8,144 


Nevada. . __ 


23 


New Hampshire . __ 


2 

256 

56 

19, 582 

5 

4,194 

2,184 

8,972 

1,005 

946 

32 

5.667 

3.625 

14, 059 

575 

660 

493 

14 

833 

489 

1S3 

69 


1 

217 




New Jersey _ __ 


82 

22 

17.910 

9 

4,971 

2,958 

9,517 

812 

302 

45 

5,142 

2,334 

10, 108 

861 

418 

732 

6 

1,156 

646 

35 


420 


New Mexico.. _ __ .. 




New York 

North Carolina . ... 


20, 110 

6 

5,786 

3,406 

9,765 

241 

855 

59 

8.057 

2,718 

14, 018 

583 

730 

338 

16 

901 

679 

28 

24 


19,211 
9 


North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma . ___ 


3,436 
3,079 
7,573 


Oregon .. _ 


1.593 


Pennsylvania 

South Carolina . __ 


1,248 
41 


South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas . _ 


3,274 
3,055 
7,925 


Utah 

Virginia - 


2,476 
1,594 


Washington... 


57 


West Virginia 

Wisconsin _ . . 


3 

948 


Wvoming. 


431 


Other States. _. ______ 


82 


Canada 










Total _ 


195, 445 


223. 094 


204, 067 


175, 881 







i Gross weight includes container and wrapping. 



39 



Table 42. — Poultry, dressed: Receipts, gross weight, 1 at 
Chicago, 1926-36 



Month 



January. _. 
February. . 
March..... 

April 

May _ 

June __ 

July 

August 

September. 
October... 
November- 
December. 

Total 



1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


6, 360 


6,495 


6,639 


7,712 


9,835 


3, 159 


3, 546 


3,591 


3,469 


5,597 


2,383 


2,195 


2,216 


2,707 


2.899 


1,792 


1,835 


1,876 


2,725 


2,339 


1.805 


2.872 


2,137 


2,811 


2,163 


. 2,105 


2,257 


1,977 


3,270 


2,645 


2, 154 


1,227 


2,771 


3,520 


2,303 


2,607 


2,257 


2,829 


3,984 


2,777 


2, 897 


2,531 


3, 580 


4,710 


3,809 


6,397 


3,752 


5,719 


9,070 


6,274 


22, 863 


15,739 


15,301 


25, 578 


19, 409 


23,110 


19, 029 


18, 544 


23,812 


20, 103 


77, 632 


63, 735 


67, 180 


93, 368 


80, 153 



1931 



1,000 

pounds 

7,770 

4,529 

3,563 

2,320 

2,309 

2,501 

3,130 

3,673 

4, 642 

4.397 

14, 203 

18, 438 

71,475 



.lonth 



January 

February... 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September. 

October 

November . 
December.. 

Total 



1932 



1,000 

pounds 

4,855 

3,317 

2,396 

1,505 

1. 428 

1,326 

853 

1,616 

3,333 

5,232 

19, 736 

19, 752 

65, 349 



1933 



1,000 

pounds 

4,713 

2,442 

1,241 

859 

1, 294 

1,558 

1,668 

1,355 

1,474 

2,982 

19, 731 

16, 113 

55, 430 



1934 



1,000 

pounds 

3,900 

1,785 

1,453 

787 

863 

1,235 

1,436 

1,621 

2,882 

4,296 

13, 827 

10,619 



44, 704 



1935 



1,000 

pounds 

2,506 

1, 526 

859 

767 

1,113 

1,578 

1,573 

1,380 

2,084 

5,283 

14, 523 

10, 368 



43, 560 



1936 



1,000 
pounds 
2,122 
1,218 
956 
1,027 
1,313 
1,724 
2, 191 
2, 962 



i Gross weight includes container and wrapping. 



40 



Table 43. — Poultry, dressed: Receipts, gross weight, 1 
at Chicago, by States of origin, 1932-85 



State 



Alabama 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Florida 

Georgia 

Idaho.. __ 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi... 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

New Jersey 

New Mexico.... 

New York 

North Dakota. 

Ohio- 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania. 
South Dakota- 
Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Washington.. . 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

Other States. .. 



Total. 



1932 



1,000 

pounds 

5 

38 

18 

631 

4 



34 

2.734 

235 

11, 689 

2,847 

153 

84 

9,512 

20 

4, 293 

1,339 

2,789 

74 

250 

70 

10, 850 

31 

1, 616 

336 

3 

8,312 

155 

4,967 

25 

115 

1,789 

313 

18 



65, 349 



1933 



1,000 
pounds 
6 

18 

2 

333 

2 

7. 

10 

3,671 

291 

9,702 

1,813 

195 

66 

7,017 

9 

2,732 

1,377 

1,970 



47 

77 
12, 064 

31 
1,675 

24 

1 

6,024 

66 
4,478 



1,486 
235 

1 



55, 430 



1934 



1,000 

pounds 

5 

106 

3 

384 

2 

20 

2 

3,383 

2S0 

8,985 

1,782 

182 

110 

5,134 

7 

3,355 

891 

2,201 

27 

29 

69 

7,164 

69 

845 

9 

17 

4,046 

544 

3,267 



18 

1,560 

166 

42 



44, 704 



1935 



1,000 

pounds 

6 

4 

4 

139 

2 

7 

34 

3,955 

361 

12, 570 

1,692 

41 

107 

4,404 

9 

2,842 

378 

2,183 

158 

23 

102 

3,280 

92 

859 

24 

27 

3,710 

103 

3, 643 

56 

81 

2,552 

110 

2 



43, 560 



i Gross weight includes container and wrapping. 



41 



Table 44.- — Poultry, dressed: Receipts, gross weight, 1 at 
Philadelphia, 1926-86 



Month 



January. . . 
February. . 

March 

April 

May 

June _ 

July. 

August 

September- 
October... 
November- 
December. 

Total 



1926 1927 



1,000 
pounds 
2,906 
1,791 
2,203 
1,717 
1,374 
1,758 
1,853 
2,039 
2,352 
2,123 
4,916 
7,094 



32, 126 



1,000 
pounds 
2,885 
2,006 
2,005 
1,769 
1,695 
1,668 
1,398 
1,918 
2,530 
2,613 
4,432 
6,903 



31, 822 



1928 1929 1930 1931 



1,000 
pounds 
2,373 
1,601 
1,885 
1,359 
1,558 
2,177 
1,931 
1,763 
2,097 
2,965 
4,925 
7,210 



31,844 



1,000 
pounds 
2,548 
1, 851 
1,680 
1,471 
1,557 
1,663 
2,134 
2,319 
2,302 
2,542 
6,002 
8,595 



34, 664 



1,000 
pounds 
3,041 
2,501 
2,207 
1,991 
2,388 
2,117 
1,794 
1,772 
2,166 
3,046 
5,607 
7,906 



36, 536 



1,000 
pounds 
2,384 
2,179 
2,863 
1,754 
1,560 
2,509 
2,729 
2,875 
2,555 
2,524 
6,018 
8,243 



38, 193 



Month 



January.... 
February. _ 
March. .... 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September. 

October 

November. 
December.. 

Total 



1932 



1,000 
pounds 
1,881 
2,467 
1,943 
1,960 
2,555 
1,934 
1,912 
2,191 
2,096 
2,614 
6,259 
8,635 



36, 447 



1933 



1,000 
pounds 
3,141 
2,717 
1,894 
2,027 
2,569 
2,344 
2,115 
1,900 
1,743 
2,306 
6,591 
7,719 



37, 066 



1934 



1,000 
pounds 
2,724 
2,131 
1,745 
1,377 
2,381 
1,859 
2,371 
2,137 
1,998 
2,405 
5,599 
6,245 



32, 972 



1935 



1,000 
pounds 
2,410 
1,650 
1,207 
1,404 
1,389 
1,565 
1,576 
1,308 
1*798 
1,858 
4,342 
5,633 



26, 140 



1936 



1,000 
pounds 
1,850 
1,361 
1,353 
1,395 
1,184 
2,065 
1,595 
1,801 



1 Gross weight includes container and wrapping. 



42 



Ta.ble 45. — Poultry, dressed: Receipts, gross weight, 1 
Philadelphia, by States of origin, 1932-35 



at 



State 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


Arkansas - - 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 
50 


1,000 
pounds 

88 


California __. . .. --- 


68 

495 

1 

237 

3,071 

879 

6,544 

2,242 

791 

40 

47 

6,995 






Colorado _ - 


465 

1 

319 

3,850 

622 

6,641 

2,207 

794 

42 

28 

5,137 

230 

2,207 

43 

2,369 

42 

171 

43 

1,260 

326 

1,549 

26 

6 

1 

788 

1,556 

5,479 

93 

380 


184 


173 


Delaware ._ 


1 


Idaho. . - 


283 

3,059 

844 

5,820 

2,255 

701 

14 

28 

5,094 

51 

2,551 

154 

2,449 

22 

332 

12 

953 

209 

1,164 

81 

5 

3 

459 

956 

4,426 

25 

362 

31 

118 

131 

74 

72 


292 


Illinois _- 


2,165 

768 


Indiana - 


Iowa 


4,368 


Kansas - 


2,140 


Kentucky 


1,108 


Maryland -. - 


15 


Michigan __ - 




Minnesota _.- .._._ 


5,102 
42 


Mississippi. ...- - 


Missouri 

Montana -_ - - 


2,401 

8 

2,321 


1,231 
25 


Nebraska - - - - 


1,228 


New Mexico . 


New York _■_ 


46 
13 

1,273 
83 

2,092 
24 
63 

679" 

322 

4,955 

66 
462 

25 
116 

64 

24 


477 


North Carolina. 


24 


North Dakota 

Ohio . 


664 
118 


Oklahoma 


747 


Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

South Carolina 

South Dakota.. 


84 

59 

17 

253 


Tennessee 


1,291 


Texas - 


2,924 


Utah - 


103 


Virginia 

Washington - - 


345 
.....J*... 




146 

234 

1 

10 


'79 


Wisconsin 


132 


Wyoming 


41 


Other States 


36 








Total 


36, 447 


37, 086 


32, 972 


26, 140 







i Gross weight includes container and wrapping. 



43 



Table 46.- — Poultry, dressed: Receipts, gross weight, 1 
at Boston, 1926-36 



Month 



January 

February.. 

March 

April 

May _ 

June. 

July 

August 

September. 

October 

November- 
December. 

Total 



1926 



J, 000 
pounds 
3,778 
2,981 
2, 837 
2, 052 

2, 598 

3, 196 
3,161 
3,677 
3,960 
4,089 
8,891 

11,942 



53, 162 



1927 1928 1929 1930 



1,000 
pounds 
4, 318 
3,610 
2,440 
2,398 
3,653 
3, 455 
2,996 
3,612 
3,404 
4,663 
8, 511 
10, 245 



53, 305 



1,000 
pounds 
4,591 
3, 756 
4,137 
2,877 
3,285 
3,290 
3,899 
3,468 
3, 555 
4,680 
7,716 
10, 329 



55, 583 



1,000 
pound* 
4,586 
3,231 
2,315 

2, 855 
2,718 
3,369 
3,153 

3, 628 
4,309 
5,048 
8,826 

10, 395 



54, 433 



1,000 
pounds 
4,270 
3,992 
2,815 
2,544 
3,193 
3,514 
3,401 
2,952 
3,154 
3,875 
8,270 
9,309 



51, 289 



1931 



1,000 
pounds 
4, 840 
4,565 
3.846 
2,976 
2,559 
3,216 
3,476 
3, 635 
3,787 
4,434 
9,698 
10, 750 



57, 782 



Month 



January 

February... 

March 

April 

May. 

June 

July 

August 

September. 

October 

November. 
December.. 

Total 



1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


4,141 


5, 543 


4, 545 


3,722 


3,927 


3,803 


3, 054 


2, 158 


4,094 


3,387 


2,617 


1,988 


2,730 


3, 369 


2,393 


2,221 


2,967 


3,832 


3, 360 


1,999 


3,255 


4,128 


3, 385 


2,472 


2,839 


3,800 


3,202 


2,919 


3,487 


4,004 


3,330 


2,549 


3,619 


3,939 


3,244 


3,182 


4,265 


5,081 


4,248 


4, 075 


10,633 


12, 374 


9,812 


9,443 


12, 256 


1 1, 468 


9,482 


9,841 


58, 213 


64, 728 


52, 672 


46, 569 

i 



1936 



1,000 
pounds 
3,680 
1,903 
2,102 
2,312 
2,547 
3,071 
3,282 
3,318 



Gross weight includes container and wrapping. 



44 



Table 47. — Poultry, dressed: Receipts, gross weight, 1 at 
Boston, by States of origin, 1932-35 



State 



Arkansas _ 

California 

Colorado 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts... 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

New Hampshire. 

New Jersey 

New York 

North Dakota... 

Ohio. 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

South Dakota... 

Tennessee 

Texas.. 

Utah 

Vermont 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

Other States 

Canada 



Total. 



1932 



1,000 

pounds 

115 

2 

581 

163 

8,909 

3,270 

9,109 

3,495 

312 

313 



5 

466 

5,835 

311 

3,126 

54 

3, 233 

18 

190 

429 

5,575 

25a 

1,474 

110 

126 

2,723 

590 

6,937 

54 

25 

32 

101 

74 

198 



58, 213 



1933 



1,000 
pounds 
514 



485 

86 

8,699 

4,301 

10, 145 

4,346 

614 

207 



2 

503 

10, 351 

20 

2,646 

26 

2,789 

12 

30 

621 

4,526 

228 

2,013 

77 

152 

4,065 

774 

6,120 

85 

54 

71 

156 

10 



64, 728 



1934 



1,000 

pounds 

152 

2 

386 

24 

8,625 

2, 948 

8,785 

3,485 

196 

101 

15 

29 

410 

9,331 

44 

2,095 

114 

2,751 

6 

20 

349 

3,446 

272 

1,636 



36 
572 
853 
629 
. 23 
60 
96 
181 



52, 672 



1935 



1,000 

pound? 

250 

147 

462 

179 

7,519 

2,841 

8, 549 

2,652 

449 

137 

2 

5 

449 

7,060 

77 

2,672 

212 

1,724 

13 

16 

619 

2, 165 

113 

1,330 

48 

""% 240 

152 
3,537 
360 
103 
128 
318 
41 



46, 569 



i Gross weight includes container and wrapping. 



45 



Table 48. — Poultry, dressed: Receipts, gross weight, 1 at 
San Francisco, 1926-86 



Month 


1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


January.. _ 


1,000 

pounds 

644 

685 

295 

157 

147 

212 

251 

231 

301 

368 

1,397 

1, 690 


1,000 

pounds 

1,052 

830 

415 

184 

304 

464 

493 

317 

456 

393 

948 

1,376 


1,000 

pounds 

745 

845 

575 

191 

254 

278 

384 

452 

295 

450 

1,024 

1,428 


1,000 

pounds 

1,901 

1,222 

450 

274 

274 

255 

664 

513 

598 

464 

1,761 

1,620 


1,000 

pounds 

1, 186 

1,036 

558 

343 

322 

592 

552 

492 

387 

286 

1,490 

1,776 


1,000 
pounds 
1,508 


February 

March 


1,339 
408 


April 


321 


May 


271 


June _ 


281 


July 

August.. 


295 
177 


September 

October 

November 


278 
273 

1,783 


December 


1.836 






Total 


6,378 


7,232 


6,921 


9,996 


9,020 


8,770 






Month 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


January 

February.... 


1,000 
pounds 

1,786 
909 
445 
453 
358 
216 
165 
169 
329 
377 

2,712 

2,167 


1,000 

pounds 

1,010 

1,179 

395 

248 

414 

416 

394 

378 

288 

510 

2,182 

2,292 


1,000 

pounds 

2,193 

1,409 

916 

581 

367 

301 

339 

297 

484 

716 

2,178 

2,793 


1,000 

pounds 

2,725 

1,399 

922 

641 

712 

336 

406 

238 

492 

558 

2, 564 

2,815 


1,000 
pounds 
1,813 
1,913 


March. 


941 


April -. _ 


639 


May _ _ 


1,050 


June 


1, 033 


July 


353 


August.. 


393 


September . __ 




October _____ 




November. 




December 










Total 


10, 086 


9,705 


12, 574 


13. 808 









Gross weight includes container and wrapping. 



46 



Table 49. — Poultry, dressed: Receipts, gross weight, 1 at 
San Francisco, by States of origin, 1932-35 



State 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


Arkansas -- ._ 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 

pounds 

59 

4,665 

11 

850 

24 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 


California 

Colorado. __ _. - 


5, 513 


6,739 

133 

739 

32 


7,468 
31 


Idaho 

Illinois.. .. 


497 


681 
171 


Indiana. 


18 


Iowa 

Kansas 

Minnesota 

Missouri 

Montana _ 


49 

107 

24 

72 

70 

595 

322 


97 
212 

50 
206 
220 
826 
329 
7 

26 

65 
1,707 


230 

122 

101 

175 

51 

1.420 

216 

2 

25 

96 

2,057 


290 

46 

102 

263 

2 


Nebraska 


754 


Nevada 

New York _____ 


182 


North Dakota . 


30 




Oklahoma. . 


12 


Oregon... 

South Dakota.. _ ..- 


1, 913 


3,182 
49 


Texas 


30 

314 






Utah 


142 

746 
6 


174 

252 


308 


Washington 

Wisconsin _ 


249 










Total 


10. C86 


9,705 


12,574 


13. SOS 



Gross weight include? container and wrapping. 



47 



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48 



Table 51.— Eggs: Receipts at New York City, 1926-36 
[Cases of 30 dozen] 



Month 



January 

February. _. 

March 

April 

May _. 

June 

July 

August 

September- 
October 

November- 
December. . 

Total 



1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


cases 


cases 


cases 


cases 


cases 


393 


458 


412 


394 


461 


471 


542 


613 


371 


511 


813 


863 


931 


821 


938 


860 


1.094 


1,051 


1.061 


1,155 


868 


1,038 


1,089 


999 


1,076 


871 


716 


767 


837 


785 


579 


521 


591 


668 


645 


502 


441 


494 


526 


451 


433 


386 


407 


444 


496 


344 


355 


392 


380 


373 


284 


319 


269 


293 


322 


400 


315 


272 


335 


382 


6,818 


7,048 


7,288 


7,129 


7,595 



1931 



1,000 

cases 
478 
530 
940 
1,116 
1,052 
868 
568 
516 
484 
398 
304 
347 

7,601 



Month 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


January _ 


1,000 
cases 
475 
554 
663 
827 
873 
689 
534 
533 
438 
417 
345 
354 


1,000 
cases 
593 
491 
769 
934 
1.021 
710 
588 
493 
369 
352 
270 
296 


1,000 
cases 
413 
606 
777 
752 
815 
662 
527 
420 
374 
373 
337 
382 


1,000 
cases 
419 
458 
634 
717 
822 
652 
529 
381 
392 
364 
370 
438 


1,00$ 
cases 
485 


February . . _ 


397 


March 

April.. ._ __ _ 


879 
818 


May 


877 


June 

July— .. 


807 
604 


August. __ - - --.-_ 


491 


September __ 

October - 




November . . _ - 




December.. 








Total 


6,702 


6,886 


6,438 


6,176 









49 



Table 52. — Eggs: Receipts at New York City by States 
of origin, 1932-35 

[Cases of 30 dozen] 



State 



California 

Connecticut. _ 

Delaware 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Maryland 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Missouri 

Nebraska 

New Jersey. _. 

New York 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania. 
South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Virginia 

Washington. _. 

Wisconsin 

Other States.. 
Parcel post 

Total... 



1932 



,000 cases 

501 

10 

35 

156 

631 

329 

1,070 

•278 

40 

41 

62 

469 

286 

216 

201 

354 

11 

294 

14 

126 

179 

130 

33 

35 

378 

58 

683 

34 

21 

27 



6,702 



1933 



1,000 cases 

341 

18 

49 

77 

540 

319 

1,151 

300 

38 

54 

55 

535 

373 

178 

214 

619 

33 

304 

16 

85 

231 

115 

50 

89 

285 

76 

629 

66 

28 

17 



6,885 



1934 



,000 cases 

226 

20 

46 

91 

574 

244 

1,083 

206 

14 

65 

62 

589 

237 

178 

177 

772 

25 

210 

12 

68 

246 

87 

5 

57 

310 

59 

652 

92 

24 

10 



6,436 



1935 



,000 cases 

173 

25 

63 

69 

498 

336 

945 

158 

17 

89 

68 

416 

207 

113 

198 

812 

11 

277 

6 

92 

313 

31 

80 

51 

275 

86 

595 

159 

25 

5 



» 6, 173 



1 2,459 cases of eggs from Canada in 1935 not included. 



50 



Table 53. — Eggs: Receipts at Chicago, 1926-36 
[Cases of 30 dozen] 



Month 



1928 



1927 



1928 



January... 
February.. 

March 

April 

May. 

June 

July 

August 

September- 
October 

November. 
December. 

Total 



1.000 
cat?* 
236 
319 
507 
7*3 
838 
626 
449 
2S3 
197 
132 
103 
124 



4, 675 



1,000 

cases 

243 

326 

625 

1.002 

935 

594 

363 

255 

231 

127 

101 

96 



4,901 



1,000 
cases 
200 
366 
592 
813 
849 
562 
356 
284 
241 
150 
75 
113 



4.601 



1929 



1,000 

cases 

206 

222 

554 

924 

799 

554 

342 

301 

210 

135 

62 

89 



4, 



1930 



1,000 
cases 
202 
308 
641 
927 
747 
516 
3S1 
231 
211 
131 
69 
111 



4,475 



1931 



1,000 

cases 

231 

368 

634 

866 

709 

559 

290 

238 

191 

96 

61 

71 



4.314 



Month 



January... 
February- 
March 

April 

May 

June 

July.. 

August 

September. 
October... 
November. 
December. 



L932 



1933 



1,000 


1,000 


cases 


cases 


178 


1S9 


224 


229 


375 


491 


657 


881 


663 


1,049 


437 


525 


258 


260 


219 


206 


161 


133 


104 


76 


60 


37 


73 


60 



To! 



3.412 4.136 



1934 



1,000 

cases 

125 

287 

648 

889 

736 

445 

217 

146 

100 

54 

29 

43 



1935 



1,000 

cases 

92 

158 

480 

768 

762 

544 

352 

222 

159 

120 

51 

86 



1936 



1,000 

cases 
164 
187 
499 
812 
827 
574 
373 
253 



3.699 



3.794 ... 



51 



Table 54. — Eggs: Receipts at Chicago by States of origin, 

1982-35 



[Cases of 30 dozen] 



State 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


Arkansas 


1,000 

canes 

10 

24 

219 

19 

708 

319 

58 

402 

678 

159 

25 

97 

15 

279 

17 

70 

254 

7 

52 


1,000 
cases 
12 

7 
368 

41 
881 
a75 

68 
375 
932 
213 

39 

48 

2 

310 

5 

68 
340 

32 

19 


1,000 

cases 

11 

11 

296 

40 

936 

226 

52 

472 

676 

185 

21 

39 

17 

202 


1,000 
cases 

7 


California 


7 


Illinois. -_ - 


566 


Indiana.__ _.. . . .. 


149 


Iowa . __ -. 


927 


Kansas 


123 


Michigan.. 


51 


Minnesota 


419 


Missouri 

Nebraska. ... . 


497 
207 


North Dakota 


8 


Oklahoma .. 


18 


Oregon.. . 


8 


South Dakota 


104 


Texas 


1 


Washington 


41 

458 
8 
6 


12 


Wisconsin 


648 


Other States ... 


39 


Parcel post ._ . 


3 






Total.. 


3,412 


4,135 


3,697 


3,794 





52 



Table 55. — Eggs: Receipts at Philadelphia, 1926-86 
[Cases of 30 dozen] 



Month 



January... 
February.. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July.. 

August 

September. 

October 

November. 
December. 

Total 



1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


cases 


cases 


cases 


cases 


casts 


113 


96 


96 


118 


100 


109 


100 


133 


76 


112 


158 


183 


176 


169 


204 


183 


244 


210 


234 


244 


213 


211 


246 


220 


261 


194 


159 


175 


181 


178 


125 


119 


168 


156 


145 


106 


114 


117 


143 


94 


143 


117 


140 


131 


114 


83 


80 


103 


94 


91 


66 


67 


75 


74 


86 


73 


59 


96 


101 


130 


1,566 


1,549 


1,735 


1,697 


1,759 



Month 



January 

February. _ 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September. 

October 

November. 
December.. 

Total 



1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


cases 


cases 


cases 


cases 


114 


120 


111 


95 


105 


119 


113 


88 


136 


161 


162 


149 


193 


183 


171 


126 


171 


181 


149 


141 


153 


137 


142 


115 


114 


113 


109 


118 


| 110 


105 


104 


99 


125 


120 


74 


105 


101 


97 


91 


92 


90 


88 


91 


90 


S4 


107 


91 


117 


1,496 


1, 531 


1,408 


1,335 



1931 



1,000 

cases 

132 

149 

189 

205 

184 

186 

141 

132 

124 

92 

97 

99 



1,730 



1936 



1,000 

cases 

95 

74 

142 

132 

145 

132 

102 

92 



53 



Table 56. — Eggs: Receipts at Philadelphia, by States of 
origin, 1932-35 

[Cases of 30 dozen] 



State 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


California.. 


1,000 

cases 

72 

10 

118 

25 

139 

121 

15 

19 

27 

223 

255 

37 

31 

5 

23 
24 
119 
17 
20 
10 
39 
56 
45 
21 
25 


1,000 

cases 

41 

15 

120 

31 

182 

105 

13 

34 

36 

222 

210 

46 

29 

6 

40 

16 

160 

12 

15 

20 

50 

47 

31 

31 

18 


1,000 

cases 

44 

15 

113 

28 

165 

59 

16 

25 

30 

185 

134 

30 

32 

6 

,60 

17 

208 

7 

8 

21 

55 

54. 

30 

56 

8 


1,000 
cases 
10 


Delaware 


10 


Illinois 


169 


Indiana 


27 


Iowa 


99 


Kansas 


31 


Kentucky 


11 


Maryland. 


38 


Michigan.. . 


16 


Minnesota ... 


186 


Missouri ... ... 


73 


Nebraska. _. .. _ _ 


14 


New York. 


28 


North Dakota 


3 


Ohio 


99 


Oregon 


14 


Pennsylvania 


219 


South Dakota 


7 


Tennessee. _ . 


46 


Texas.. ... 


9 


Virginia. 


88 


Washington. 


55 


Wisconsin 


18 


Other States 


60 


Parcel post. 


3 






Total 


1,496 


1,530 


1,406 


1,333 





54 

Table 57. — Eggs: Receipts at Boston, 1926- 
[Cases of 30 dozen] 



Month 



January. ._ 
February. . 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September- 
October 

November. 
December. 

Total 



1926 



1,000 

cases 

109 

119 

189 

205 

272 

246 

155 

135 

113 

91 

77 

97 



1927 



1,000 

cases 

120 

153 

245 

307 

270 

234 

155 

128 

109 

92 

65 

82 



1,960 



1928 



1,000 

cases 

102 

145 

229 

211 

258 

200 

158 

112 

96 

96 

78 

72 



1,757 



1929 



1,000 

cases 

133 

99 

190 

290 

234 

177 

176 

125 

110 

77 

54 

53 



1,718 



1930 



1,000 

cases 

96 

112 

209 

227 

208 

175 

138 

102 

82 

66 

68 

90 



1,573 



1931 



1,000 

cases 

126 

153 

198 

207 

219 

188 

125 

108 

95 

77 

62 

78 



1,636 



Month 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


January 


1,000 

cases 

98 

139 

180 

164 

201 

155 

117 

109 

79 

71 

64 

62 


1,000 

cases 

92 

98 

145 

207 

175 

141 

132 

91 

58 

68 

58 

66 


1,000 

cases 

88 

118 

164 

170 

156 

142 

98 

101 

68 

71 

66 

51 


1,000 

cases 

78 

88 

153 

169 

146 

119 

102 

86 

63 

64 

71 

80 


1,000 
cases 
76 


February . ___ 


76 


March.. __ .. ... 


175 


April _. _ 


160 


May _. _ 


154 


June " 


133 


July 


95 


August . . 


86 


September. _. 




October 

November 




December 








Total 


1,439 


1,331 


1,293 


1,219 





55 



Table 58. — Eggs: Receipts at Boston, by States of 
origin, 1932-35 

[Cases of 30 dozen] 



State 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


California 


1,000 
cases 
20 

138 
87 

282 

204 

35 

6 

36 

157 
82 

107 
23 
15 
28 
70 
59 
15 
15 
18 


1,000 

cases 

12 

88 

100 

283 

172 

43 

11 

35 

136 

80 

96 

35 

7 

18 

54 

51 

19 

19 

24 

12 

32 

3 


1,000 

cases 

20 

116 

66 

304 

135 

39 

11 

38 

159 

101 

84 

29 

4 

5 

36 
49 
7 
15 
40 
17 
16 
2 


1,000 
cases 

3 


Illinois 


137 


Indiana ' ; . . ... 


62 


Iowa.. _ . 


268 


Kansas 


127 


Maine .. 


42 


Massachusetts. 


15 


Michigan ... 


34 


Minnesota 


124 


Missouri 


118 


Nebraska _ _ _. . 


47 


New Hampshire. _ 


41 


New York. _ _ 


9 


North Dakota 


4 


Ohio 


56 


South Dakota _ ... 


22 


Texas 


10 


Vermont 

Washington 


18 
32 


Wisconsin _ 


26 


Other States ... 


38 
4 


21 


Parcel post 


1 






Total 


1,439 


1,330 


1,293 


1,217 







Table 59. — Eggs: Receipts at San Francisco, by States of 
origin, 1932-35 

[Cases of 30 dozen] 



State 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


California 


1,000 
cases 
700 
2 


1,000 
cases 
709 
7 


1,000 

cases 

742 

9 

2 

1 


1,000 
cases 
791 


Idaho 


2 


Iowa 




Kansas ___ 








Montana 




2 
2 

17 
8 
2 

1 


1 


Nebraska.. 




6 
10 

8 
4 

1 




Oregon . 


12 
2 

7 
2 


41 


Utah 


4 


Washington 


6 


Other States 








Total __ 


725 


748 


783 


845 







56 



Table 60. — Eggs: Receipts at San Francisco, 1926-36 
[Cases of 30 dozen] 



Month 



January 

February __ 

March 

April. _ 

May 

June 

July ... 

August 

Sepcember. 

October 

November, 
December- 
Total 



1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


cases 


cases 


cases 


cases 


cases 


55 


54 


52 


67 


59 


52 


57 


63 


63 


67 


74 


78 


106 


82 


71 


75 


83 


75 


86 


79 


72 


69 


61 


80 


73 


77 


65 


59 


65 


74 


78 


68 


61 


67 


69 


56 


66 


69 


55 


65 


47 


54 


54 


49 


50 


49 


50 


52 


49 


55 


51 


50 


49 


49 


47 


58 


56 


55 


54 


56 


744 


750 


756 


766 


765 



1931 



1,000 
cases 



58 
66 
85 
83 
72 
61 
56 
59 
49 
59 
54 
56 

758 



Month 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


January 


1,000 
cases 
72 
68 
77 
75 
63 
62 
57 
64 
51 
46 
45 
45 


1,000 
cases 
57 
52 
73 
76 
76 
63 
59 
57 
53 
58 
61 
62 


1,000 
cases 
72 
61 
75 
70 
71 
61 
58 
57 
49 
67 
65 
75 


1,000 
cases 
66 
66 
73 
87 
93 
74 
69 
69 
62 
64 
60 
63 


1,000 
cases 
69 


February.. ... ... 


77 


March _._ 


103 


April -.__. . 


100 


May 

June .___. 


85 
81 


July 


74 


August _ -_ _ _ 


59 


September ._ . 




October___ 




November 




December 








Total... _ _- 


725 


747 


781 


846 









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58 



Table 62. — Broilers: Cold-storage holdings J in the 
United States, 1926-36 



Month 



January. .. 
February- 
March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 
October. .- 
November 
December. 



1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 



1,000 

pounds 

15, 521 

13, 702 

11, 685 

8,945 

6,074 

4,496 

4,320 

5, 627 

9,544 

13, 789 

17, 555 

20, 550 



1,000 

pounds 

21, 578 

20, 455 

18. 186 

15, 009 

10, 978 

8,172 

6,513 

6,245 

7,714 

10, 896 

12, 610 

14, 670 



1,000 
pounds 
15, 570 

14, 285 
11, 818 

9,088 
6,122 
4,559 
4,518 
6,657 
9,038 
12, 015 

15, 605 
16.973 



1,000 

pounds 

17, 334 

15, 371 

12, 911 

9,838 

7,194 

5,032 

4,536 

7,286 

13, 179 

18,234 

22, 367 

24,106 



1,000 

pounds 

23, 792 

21, 847 

19, 482 

15, 631 

11,329 

8,783 

8,089 

8,274 

9,190 

11, 895 

13, 505 

14,819 



1,000 

pounds 

14, 586 

13, 057 

11, 532 

8,873 

6,258 

4,623 

4,772 

6,345 

9,345 

13, 673 

15, 126 

15, 355 



Month 



January— _ 
February_. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 
October. __ 
November 
December. 



1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


15, 432 


11, 269 


15, 118 


20,560 


14, 481 


10, 031 


13, 343 


18, 186 


12, 640 


8,445 


10, 494 


15, 651 


10, 282 


6,892 


7,302 


12, 542 


7,436 


4,868 


4,473 


8,734 


5,141 


3,785 


* 2,794 


5,862 


3,711 


4,221 


3,306 


5,206 


3,680 


5,520 


5,783 


5,103 


5,417 


9,137 


9,588 


4,984 


7,864 


11,801 


14, 447 


6,900 


9,530 


13, 211 


18, 515 


9,223 


10, 874 


15, 448 


20,203 


11, 178 



1936 



1,000 
pounds 

11, 558 
8,819 
6,679 
5,184 
3,566 
2,915 
3,663 
8,230 

16, 413 

22, 595 



* Net weight; does not include weight of container. 



59 



Table 63. — Fryers: Cold-storage holdings l in the 
United States, 1926-36 



Month 



January. ^. 
February.. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 
October- _. 
November. 
December. 



1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


7,238 


9,717 


8,723 


10, 095 


11, 507 


6,826 


9,417 


9,045 


9,171 


11, 669 


6, 115 


8, 359 


7,883 


7,946 


11, 082 


4,745 


6,957 


6,210 


6,016 


9,918 


3,608 


5,093 


4,068 


4,360 


6,171 


2, 450 


3,986 


2,737 


2,854 


4,607 


1,829 


2,460 


1,931 


2,259 


3,327 


1, 395 


1,828 


1,595 


1,505 


2,492 


1, 385 


1,616 


1,372 


1,529 


1,951 


2,200 


1,938 


2,135 


2,763 


2,771 


4, 245 


3,282 


4,469 


5,874 


4,861 


7,262 


6,304 


6,549 


9,093 


7,631 



1,000 
pounds 
9,971 
9, 333 
8,103 
6,219 
4,228 
2,948 
2,129 
1,747 
2,036 
3,764 
5,566 
7,796 



Month 



January... 
February . 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July. 

August 

September 
October. _. 
November 
December. 



1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


9,213 


14, 122 


13, 097 


15, 539 


8, 543 


12, 893 


11, 862 


14, 079 


7,667 


11, 037 


9,918 


11, 742 


6,131 


8,939 


7,007 


9,539 


4,768 


6,185 


3,804 


6,446 


3,284 


4,088 


2,279 


3,928 


1,983 


2,636 


1,754 


2,530 


1,211 


1,602 


1,696 


1,677 


1,428 


1,957 


1,849 


1,267 


3,908 


3,097 


3,969 


2,811 


8, 025 


5,338 


8,581 


6,838 


11, 787 


9,962 


12, 590 


11, 394 



1936 



1,000 

pounds 

13, 339 

12, 288 

10, 299 

8,587 

6,796 

3,307 

1,902 

1,947 

3,819 

7,633 



1 Net weight; does not include weight of container. 



60 



Table 64. — Roasters: Cold-storage holdings l in the 
United States, 1926-36 



Month 



January... 
February.. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August - . . 
September 
October- _ 
November 
December. 



1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


38, 543 


42, 673 


33, 709 


33, 837 


37, 645 


43, 651 


35, 600 


32, 993 


33, 336 


37, 831 


31, 101 


28, 908 


25, 593 


29,362 


25, 168 


23, 042 


18, 593 


20, 932 


16, 644 


17, 742 


14, 370 


15, 360 


11, 205 


13, 119 


10, 163 


10, 722 


7,257 


9,933 


6,867 


7,184 


5,060 


6,301 


5, 287 


4,782 


3,732 


5,142 


6,347 


4,906 


4,639 


6,929 


14, 647 


9,079 


12, 025 


16, 506 


29, 091 


21, 152 


20, 902 


27, 159 



1930 



1,000 
pounds 
38, 677 
41, 344 
37, 424 
28, 924 
20, 761 
15, 133 

10, 290 
6, 857 
4,784 
5,420 

11, 340 
20, 761 



1931 



1,000 

pounds 

31, 275 

30, 564 

27, 927 

20, 463 

12, 442 

8,652 

5,393 

3,363 

3,145 

6,345 

12, 134 

24, 138 



Month 



January. _. 
February. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 
October... 
November 
December. 



1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


35, 220 


37, 753 


38, 156 


32, 439 


33, 005 


35, 722 


37, 519 


30,009 


28, 084 


29, 834 


32, 377 


26,180 


21, 354 


22, 080 


24, 900 


20, 622 


15, 985 


13, 532 


17, 704 


14, 942 


11,042 


9,620 


12, 701 


9,281 


6,618 


7,962 


9,598 


6,217 


4,174 


6,199 


7,134 


3,420 


3,292 


4,881 


5,639 


2,097 


5,556 


5,682 


7,272 


4,412 


14, 328 


10, 845 


13, 409 


11,435 


27, 691 


23,555 


23, 947 


23, 451 



1939 



1,000 

pounds 

31, 244 

29, 686 

23, 913 

19, 346 

12, 694 

8,724 

5,562 

3,898 

3,733 

6,254 



1 Net weight; does not include weight of container. 



61 



Table 65. — Fowl: Cold-storage holdings l in the United 
States, 1926-36 



Month 



January... 
February.. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 
October... 
November 
December. 



1926 


1927 


1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


pounds 


16, 104 


20, 332 


16. 586 


20, 137 


14, 062 


17, 560 


9,402 


13, 360 


5,538 


8,589 


4,758 


7,088 


4,993 


7, 032 


6,239 


5,976 


6,691 


5,159 


6,106 


5,085 


7,487 


6,290 


13, 697 


12, 354 



1928 



1,000 

pounds 

19, 791 

19, 101 

17, 266 

14, 377 

8,734 

7,248 

6,695 

7,750 

6,110 

4,588 

5,516 

9,112 



1929 


1930 


1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


pounds 


13, 752 


18, 226 


10, 965 


17, 649 


8,417 


17, 510 


5,637 


13, 337 


3,722 


9,816 


3,049 


8,175 


6,384 


8,629 


5,728 


7,101 


6,620 


5,648 


8,311 


5,644 


11, 962 


7,474 


14, 981 


12, 127 



1931 



1,000 
pounds 
18, 542 

18, 402 

19, 576 
14, 752 

8, 599 
tf,626 
6,198 
7,117 
6,909 
6,987 
7,439 
8,738 



Month 



January. .. 
February.. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

r August 

September 
October.. . 
November 
December. 



1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


13, 256 


33, 132 


18, 426 


24, 889 


11, 041 


11, 490 


16, 113 


19, 859 


8,400 


9,501 


11, 973 


15, 852 


6,434 


6,868 


7,308 


10, 059 


5,138 


5,069 


3,351 


6,473 


4,978 


4,957 


4,144 


5,111 


4,693 


9,323 


7,355 


6,399 


3,964 


12, 178 


11, 061 


5,611 


3,490 


12, 526 


11,082 


4,347 


3,932 


10, 839 


11,605 


4,960 


7,124 


11, 702 


13, 937 


7, 350 


10, 210 


15, 143 


19, 313 


12, 525 



1936 



1,000 

pounds 

16, 554 

15, 456 

11, 867 

S,071 

5, 053 

4,839 

6,079 

8,050 

12, 698 

16, 299 



i Net weight; does not include weight of container. 



62 



Table 66. — Turkeys: Cold-storage holdings 1 in the 
United States, 1926-86 



Month 



January... 
February.. 

March 

April 

May. 

June.. 

July. 

August 

September 
October.... 
November. 
December. 



192G 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


6,759 


10.820 


9,352 


10, 466 


9. 823 


7,216 


12,188 


10, 966 


13,058 


11, 946 


7,141 


12, 128 


11,913 


14, 467 


14, 388 


6,129 


11,020 


11, 402 


11,547 


13,000 


5,192 


9,719 


9,517 


10, 308 


10,400 


4.764 


8,584 


8,371 


8,452 


8,742 


3,884 


7,571 


7,208 


7,196 


7,469 


3,237 


6,452 


6, 513 


6,420 


5,883 


3.073 


5,815 


6,049 


5,873 


4,496 


2,674 


5,166 


6,208 


5,173 


3,603 


1,773 


4,170 


4,768 


3, 719 


2,751 


5,912 


5,242 


6,264 


6,320 


4,632 



1931 



1,000 
pounds 
4,566 
7,018 
8,557 
6, 351 
4,816 
3,895 
3,091 
2,777 
3,356 
3,365 
2, 30," 
5,123 



Month 



January... 
February.. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July. 

August 

September 
October. .. 
November 
December. 



1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


10, 320 


14, 586 


15, 732 


18, 652 


14, 273 


16, 728 


19, 941 


23, 516 


13,853 


15, 744 


19, 177 


22, 973 


11,423 


12, 765 


14, 499 


19,846 


9.596 


9,179 


11,154 


16, 143 


8.271 


7,817 


9,493 


14, 258 


7.285 


7,260 


8,385 


13, 851 


5,985 


5,709 


6,648 


11,655 


4,286 


4,062 


4,767 


9,006 


2,591 


2,769 


3,041 


6,549 


1,033 


1,620 


1,763 


3,629 


11, 997 


6,500 


9,572 


9, 114 



1936 



1,000 

pounds 

16, 819 

20, 541 

19,100 

17, 749 

13,909 

12, 381 

12,660 

9.971 

7, 989 

5,593 



* Net weight; does not include weight of container. 



63 



Table 67.— Poultry, miscellaneous: 1 Cold-storage hold- 
ings 2 in the United States, 1926-36 



Month 



January... 
February.. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August.—. 
September 
October. . . 
November. 
December. 



1926 



1,000 
pounds 
27,336 
26, 537 
23, 058 
18, 310 
13, 778 
11,970 

11, 541 
12,428 

12, 653 
13, 655 
19, 135 
30, 342 



1927 



1,000 
pounds 
39, 287 
39, 228 
35, 446 
28, 989 
21,971 
18, 335 
15, 766 
14, 608 
14, 625 
15,210 
16, 884 
25, 308 



1928 1929 



1,000 
pounds 
30, 345 
29, 157 
23, 513 
16, 924 
11.747 

9,752 
10, 621 

12, 820 
14, 448 

13, 993 
15,710 
19, 373 



1,000 
pounds 
24, 200 
20, 822 
16, 469 

12, 648 
9,575 
9. 137 

11, 693 

13, 656 
16, 667 
20, 566 
26, 445 
34, 217 



1930 1931 



1,000 
pounds 
38, 698 
37, 097 
33, 286 
24, 898 
18, 943 

15, 727 
16, 449 

16, 360 

16, 520 

17, 605 
19, 338 
22, 955 



1,000 

pounds 

25, 973 

22, 933 

19, 493 

13,328 

9,577 

8,604 

11, 179 

15, 089 

18, 265 

22, 081 

23, 100 

28, 821 



Month 



January. _. 
February. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

^September 
October. _. 
November 
December. 



1932 



1,000 
pounds 
33, 259 
30, 211 
25, 778 
19,036 
13, 753 
12, 113 
12, 371 
12, 457 
12, 392 
12, 832 
14, 949 
18, 559 



1933 



1,000 

pounds 

20, 780 

17, 969 

14, 114 

9,741 

6,991 

7^864 

11,303 

13, 762 

15, 226 

15, 989 

16, 812 

20, 603 



1934 



1,000 
pounds 
22, 974 
21, 399 
17, 837 
13, 181 
8,726 
8, 379 
10, 211 
12, 582 
13, 128 
14, 928 
17, 196 
19, 940 



1935 



1,000 

pounds 

19, 922 

16, 636 

14, 378 

11,105 

9,077 

9,834 

12, 848 

13, 796 

13, 210 

14, 088 
14, 681 
18, 436 



1936 



1,000 

pounds 

17, 875 

17, 043 

13,934 

10, 557 

8,306 

9,760 

13, 184 

17, 124 

20, 836 

23, 722 



1 Class not specified. 

2 Net weight; does not include weight of container. 



129401°— 37- 



64 



Table 68. — Poultry, frozen: Cold-storage holdings l in 
the United States, 1926-36 



Month 



January... 
February.. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 
October... 
November 
December. 



1926 


1927 


1928 


192& 


1930 


1.000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


111.501 


144, 497 


117,490 


109, 684 


140, 723 


108, 512 


145, 076 


118, 154 


102, 380 


141, 552 


95, 397 


129, 510 


103, 494 


89, 088 


133, 172 


73, 124 


104, 697 


83, 169 


68, 728 


105, 708 


52, 783 


77,282 


56, 832 


52, 901 


77, 420 


42, 808 


61, 525 


43, 872 


41, 643 


61,1671 


36, 730 


50, 064 


38,230 


42, 001 


54, 253: 


35, 793 


42, 293 


40, 395 


40. 896 


46. 9671 


38. 634 


39,711 


40, 749 


49. 010 


42. 589- 


44, 771 


43, 201 


43, 578 


61, 976 


46,938 


64, 842 


52, 315 


58, 093 


86, 873 


59, 2691 


106, 854 


85, 030 


79, 173 


115,876 


82, 925 j 



1931 



1,000 

pounds 

104, 913 

101, 307 

95, 188 

69, 986 

45. 920 

35, 348 

32, 762 

36, 438 

43, 056 

56, 215 

65, 668 

89, 971 



Month 



January. _. 
February.. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 
October... 
November 
December. 



1932 



1,000 
pounds 
116,700 

111,554 
96. 422 
74, 660 
56, 676 
44, 829 
36, 661 
31. 471 
30, 305 
36, 683 
54, 989 
91, 118 



1933 



1934 



1,000 

pounds 

111,642 

104, 833 

88,675! 

67, 285 ' 

45, 824 

38, 131 

42, 705 

44, 970 

47, 789 

50, 177 

59, 528 

91,211 



1,000 

pounds 

123. 503 

120, 177 

101, 776 

74, 197 

49. 212 

39, 790 

40, 609 
44, 904 
46, 053 
55, 262 
73. 401 

105, 565 



1935 



1,000 

pounds 

132, 001 

122, 285 

106, 776 

83, 713 

61,815 

48, 274 

47, 051 

41,262 

34,911 

39. 720 

53, 156 

86. 098 



1936 



1,000 

pounds 

107, 389 

103. 833 

85, 792 

69. 494 

49, 324 

41, 926 

43, 050 

49, 220 

65, 4SS 

82, 096 



1 Net weight; does not include weight of container. 



65 



Table 69. — Dressed poultry: Weekly cold-storage holdings 
in the 35 markets, 1 1934 and 1935 



Date 


Dressed 
poultry 


Date 


Dressed 
poultry 


Date 


Dressed 
poultry 




1,000 




1,000 




1,000 


1934 


pounds 


1934 


pounds 


1935 


pounds 


Jan. fi 


96, 690 


Sept. 15... 


35, 272 


May 11— 


43, 701 


Jan. 13 


96,111 


Sept. 22... 


36, 431 


May 18— 


41,248 


Jan. 20 


95, 397 


Sept. 29... 


39, 226 


May 25— 


38, 368 


Jan. 27 


94, 181 


Oct. 6 


42, 108 


June 1 


36, 818 


Feb. 3 


93, 333 


Oct. 13 


45, 646 


June 8 


35, 602 


Feb. 10...- 


91, 858 


Oct. 20 


48, 755 


June 15 


34, 763 


Feb. 17.... 


88, 448 


Oct. 27 


51, 362 


June 22... . 


34, 868 


Feb. 24..... 


84, 648 


Nbv.-3L-._- 


53, 942 


June 29 


34, 784 


Mar. 3.1?:. 


79, 830 


Nov. 10__. 


56, 986 


July 6 


34, 364 


Mar. 10... 


75, 701 


Nov. 17... 


61, 438 


July 13 — 


33, 761 


Mar. 17... 


71,073 


Nov. 24... 


68, 288 


July 20— 


32, 695 


Mar. 24... 


65, 420 


Dec. 1 


77, 183 


July 27...- 


32, 062 


Mar. 31... 


59, 668 


Dec. 8 


89, 969 


Aug. 3— . 


30, 753 


Apr. 7 


55, 074 


Dec. 15_... 


93, 537 


Aug. 10—. 


29, 542 


Apr. 14— 


49, 770 


Dec. 22____ 


93, 523 


Aug. 17— 


27, 998 


Apr. 21...- 


44, 597 


Dec. 29— 


98, 658 


Aug. 24—. 


26, 834 


Apr. 28-.- 


39, 838 






Aug. 31— 


25, 185 


May 5 


37, 094 


1935 




Sept. 7 


24, 855 


May 12— _ 


35, 313 


Jan. 5 


102, 746 


Sept. 14... 


24, 910 


May 19— J 


33, 970 


Jan. 12 


102, 486 


Sept. 21.-. 


26, 327 


May 26 


31, 788 


Jan. 19 


99, 769 


Sept. 28. .. 


27, 661 


June 2 


30, 333 


Jan. 26 


97, 173 


Oct. 5 


28, 800 


June 9 


30, 135 


Feb. 2 


94, 512 


Oct. 12____ 


29, 934 


June 16 


30,311 


Feb. 9 


92, 234 


Oct. 19.... 


31, 427 


June 23— 


30, 655 


Feb. 16— 


89, 524 


Oct. 26— 


34, 916 


June 30 


30, 913 


Feb. 23— 


87, 440 


Nov. 2.... 


40, 187 


July 7 


30, 914 


Mar. 2 


83, 152 


Nov. 9 


44, 234 


July 14.... 


30, 729 


Mar. 9 


78, 561 


Nov. 16. .. 


49, 132 


July 21 — _ 


31,571 


Mar. 16... 


73, 956 


Nov. 23.. . 


53, 514 


July28__.- 


33, 117 


Mar. 23.. . 


69, 362 


Nov. 30... 


61, 548 


Aug. 4 


34, 234 


Mar. 30... 


65, 580 


Dec. 7 


72, 249 


Aug. 11— . 


33, 808 


Apr. 6 


60, 927 


Dec. 14 


77, 494 


Aug. 18— 


33, 993 


Apr. 13-..- 


55, 870 


Dec. 21 


78, 119 


Aug. 25— _ 


34, 161 


Apr. 20 


51, 106 


Dec. 28— 


80, 078 


Sept. 1 


34, 213 


Apr. 27— 


48, 465 






Sept. 8.... 


34, 264 


May 4 


46, 061 







1 Holdings as of morning of given dates at New York, Chicago, Phila- 
delphia, Boston, Buffalo, Providence, Syracuse, N. Y., Cuba, N. Y., 
Lowville, N. Y., Pittsburgh, Detroit, Cleveland, Milwaukee, Plymouth, 
Marshfield, Wis., Green Bay, Wis., Minneapolis, St. Paul, Kansas City, 
Omaha, St. Louis, Denver, Seattle, Portland, Los Angeles, San Fran- 
cisco, Springfield, Mass., Cincinnati, Duluth, Fort Worth, Dallas, 
Petaluma, Santa Rosa, Oakland, and San Diego. 



66 



Table 70. — Eggs in the shell: Cold-storage holdings in 
the United States, 1926-36 

[Reported in cases of 30 dozen] 



Month 



January... 
February.. 

March 

April 

May 

June _. 

July. 

August 

September 
October... 
November 
December. 



1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


cases 


cases 


cases 


cases 


coses 


1,683 


1,096 


882 


1,415 


704 


578 


253 


26 


248 


139 


77 


92 


66 


11 


84 


872 


1,868 


1,087 


559 


2,231 


3.735 


5,501 


4,515 


3, 952 


5,766 


7.236 


8,962 


8,168 


6,705 


9,178 


9.133 


10, 565 


10, 002 


8,510 


10, 743 


9. 845 


10, 746 


10,496 


8,962 


11,198 


9. 573 


9,650 


9,944 


8,547 


10, 375 


! 8, 048 


7,960 


8, 542 


7,195 


9,174 


5, 888 


6,485 


6,247 


4,930 


6,785 


1 3,215 


2,956 


3,542 


2,631 


4,154 



1931 



Month 



January.. _ 
February.. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 
October. __ 
November. 
December. 



1,000 

cases 
1, 894 
735 
408 
1,893 
5,162 
7,887 
9,507 
9,504 
9,016 
7,960 
5,745 
3,447 



1932 

1 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


cases 


cases 


cases 


cases 


1.475 


159 


731 


648 


663 


75 


50 


39 


258 


163 


90 


34 


700 


1,833 


1,208 


1,508 


2.9S2 


4,857 


4,640 


3,901 


5. 380 


8,062 


7,819 


6,366 


6. 339 


9,364 


8,965 


7,595 


6. 431 


9,507 


8,961 


7,947 


! 5. 960 


8,944 


7,938 


7.373 


4, 895 


7,466 


6,803 


6,353 


3. 225 


5,175 


4,633 


4,644 


1.199 


2,641 


2,380 


2,738 



1936 



1,000 

cases 

964 

159 

13 

807 

3,039 

5,707 

7,058 

7,335 

7,006 

5,817 



67 



Table 71. — Eggs, frozen: Cold-storage holdings J in the 
United States, 1926-36 



Month 



January... 
February- - 

March 

April 

May 

June. 

July 

August 

September 
October. _. 
November 
December. 



1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


33, 905 


33, 593 


47, 020 


56, 181 


53, 644 


29, 256 


31, 207 


38, 575 


48, 055 


44, 080 


24, 167 


26, 053 


31, 362 


38, 250 


35, 192 


21, 849 


33, 272 


34,411 


34, 918 


49, 751 


25, 739 


52, 053 


51, 532 


51,825 


76, 664 


34, 815 


71,605 


67, 941 


71, 560 


106, 904 


45, 688 


81, 263 


77, 744 


84, 766 


115, 134 


51,810 


81,418 


81, 670 


91,488 


116,272 


52, 634 


77, 508 


89, 196 


86, 693 


113, 138 


51,062 


71, 208 


82, 255 


81.541 


106,631 


44, 966 


62, 066 


73, 327 


70, 331 


98, 359 


38, 620 


54, 703 


64, 201 


61, 772 


89, 571 



1931 



1,000 

pounds 

83, 184 

75, 685 

73, 889 

78, 051 

91,517 

106, 607 

113,513 

114, 700 

110, 271 

103, 302 

94, 816 

86, 407 



Month 



January... 
February.. 

March 

April _ 

May 

June 

July.. 

August 

September 
October... 
November 
December. 



1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


pounds 


pound* 


pounds 


79, 198 


55, 339 


61,419 


64, 879 


72, 439 


46, 448 


49, 910 


52, 726 


68, 024 


40, 450 


39, 181 


39, 413 


69,031 


45,090 


38, 679 


39,516 


81,920 


62, 944 


62, 632 


59,313 


94, 978 


85, 323 


93, 947 


84, 680 


100, 485 


103, 019 


116,058 


107, 937 


99, 112 


107, 660 


121, 564 


116, 274 


92, 967 


102, 449 


111,994 


112, 585 


84, 187 


93, 182 


m, 951 


98,653 


74, 314 


82, 302 


88, 715 


88, 018 


64, 150 


72, 348 


76,073 


79, 035 



1936 



1,000 

pounds 

69, 546 

69, 722 

46, 367 

45, 848 

69, 172 

94,014 

111, 725 

115, 485 

108,614 

96, 660 



i Net weight; does not include weight of the container. 



68 



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69 



Table 73. — Eggs: Weekly cold-storage holdings in the 35 
markets, 1 1934 and 1935 



Date 


Eggs 


Date 


Eggs 


Date 


Eggs 


1934 


Cases 


1934 


Cases 


1935 


Cases 


Jan. 6 


455, 363 


Sept. 15_. . 


5, 487, 270 


May 11.... 


3, 229, 288 


Jan. 13 


269, 886 


Sept. 22... 


5, 265, 535 


Mav 18— 


3, 686, 830 


Jan. 20 


146,493 


Sept. 29... 


5, 055, 682 


May 25— 


4, 064, 833 


Jan. 27 


76, 328 


Oct. 6 


4, 794, 878 


June 1 


4, 460. 902 


Feb. 3 


27, 734 


Oct. 13 


4, 508, 767 


June 8 


4, 760, 796 


Feb. 10— - 


14, 894 


Oct. 20.... 


4, 138, 492 


June 15 


5, 042, 601 


Feb. 17.... 


16, 819 


Oct. 27— 


3, 750, 014 


June 22 


5, 253, 307 


Feb. 24.-.. 


39, 494 


Nov. 3 


3, 299, 938 


June 29— 


5, 386, 794 


Mar. 3 


80, 317 


Nov. 10. _. 


2, 899, 995 


July 6 


5, 477, 638 


Mar. 10.-- 


195, 934 


Nov. 17. _ _ 


2, 483, 109 


July 13 


5, 568, 455 


Mar. 17--. 


335, 257 


Nov. 24_ __ 


2, 134, 130 


July 20— 


5, 669, 563 


Mar. 24... 


531, 829 


Dec. 1 


1,816,211 


July 27__ __ 


5, 705, 838 


Mar. 31. ._ 


822, 865 


Dec. 8 


1, 490, 248 


Aug. 3 


5, 697, 007 


Apr. 7 


1, 318, 784 


Dec. 15— 


1, 187, 858 


Aug. 10— 


5, 620, 808 


Apr. 14.... 


1, 904, 803 


Dec. 22.... 


911,619 


Aug. 17— 


5, 530, 695 


Apr. 21.... 


2, 539, 351 


Dec. 29— 


641, 095 


Aug. 24— . 


5, 425, 604 


Apr. 28— 


3, 188, 995 






Aug. 31— 


5, 277, 659 


May 5 


3, 799, 820 


1935 




Sept. 7 


5, 112, 649 


May 12.... 


4, 364, 425 


Jan. 5 


394, 620 


Sept. 14... 


4, 874, 237 


May 19—. 


4, 865, 175 


Jan. 12 


231, 283 


Sept. 21.,- 


4, 716, 253 


May 26— 


5, 363, 254 


Jan. 19 


94, 598 


Sept. 28. .. 


4, 555, 080 


June 2 


5, 745, 459 


Jan. 26 


32, 113 


Oct. 5 


4, 371, 467 


June 9 


6, 078, 676 


Feb. 2 


11, 583 


Oct. 12,... 


4, 130, 291 


June 16 


6, 294, 140 


Feb. 9 


5,605 


Oct. 19— 


3, 897, 964 


June 23— 


6, 446, 139 


Feb. 16-... 


4,635 


Oct. 26 


3, 601, 902 


June 30... . 


6, 590, 317 


Feb. 23— 


9,746 


Nov. 2 


3. 280, 868 


July 7 


6,683,711 


Mar. 2 


32, 438 


Nov. 9 


2, 957, 120 


July 14— 


6, 712, 439 


Mar. 9 


124, 626 


Nov. 16. __ 


2, 632, 602 


July 21 — 


6, 699, 593 


Mar. 16. __ 


321, 218 


Nov. 23. . _ 


2, 298, 449 


July 28— 


6, 658, 690 


Mar. 23___ 


595, 723 


Nov. 30. __ 


2, 017, 675 


Aug. 4 


6, 562, 038 


Mar. 30. __ 


930, 891 


Dec. 7 


1, 693, 989 


Aug. 11— 


6, 418, 406 


Apr. 6 


1, 334, 866 


Dec. 14 


1, 423, 714 


Aug. 18— 


6, 248, 081 


Apr. 13— 


1, 688, 755 


Dec. 21 


1, 154, 947 


Aug. 25— 


6, 059, 560 


Apr. 20— 


2, 041, 934 


Dec. 28 


901, 352 


Sept. 1 


5, 879, 168 


Apr. 27.... 


2, 417, 408 






Sept. 8 


5, 685, 706 


May 4 


2, 828, 081 







1 Holdings as of morning of given dates at New York, Chicago, Phila- 
delphia, Boston, Buffalo, Providence, Syracuse, N. Y., Cuba, N. Y., 
Lowville, N. Y., Pittsburgh, Detroit, Cleveland, Milwaukee, Plymouth, 
Marshfield, Wis., Green Bay, Wis., Minneapolis, St. Paul, Kansas City, 
Omaha, St. Louis, Denver, Seattle, Portland, Los Angeles, San Fran- 
cisco, Springfield, Mass., Cincinnati, Duluth, Fort Worth, Dallas, 
Petaluma, Santa Rosa, Oakland, and San Diego. 



70 



Table 74, — Chickens, live: Estimated average price per 
pound received by producers in the United States , 1926-36 



Month 



January... 
February.. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 
October. _. 
November 
December. 



1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


20.9 


20.1 


19.6 


21.6 


19.8 


21.5 


21.1 


20.1 


22.1 


20.4 


21.9 


21.3 


20.1 


22.7 


20.6 


23.1 


21.8 


20.8 


23.8 


21.1 


23.7 


21.7 


21.5 


24.4 


20.0 


23.9 


20.2 


21.5 


24.6 


19.0 


23.6 


19.9 


21.9 


23.7 


17.4 


22.1 


19.7 


21.6 


22.7 


17.3 


21.4 


19.4 


22.3 


22.4 


17.8 


20.8 


19.7 


22.0 


21.5 


17.4 


20.0 


19.4 


21.5 


20.3 


16.1 


19.8 


19.2 


21.2 


19.1 


15.3 



Month 



January. _. 
February. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 
October. _. 
November 
December. 



1931 



Cents 
15.7 
15.1 
16.1 
16.7 
15.9 
16.1 
15.8 
16.2 
15.7 
14.4 
14.4 
13.9 



1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


13.3 


9.3 


9.4 


12.3 


12.6 


9.4 


10.2 


13.4 


12.6 


9.1 


10.7 


14.2 


12.6 


9.8 


11.1 


15.5 


12.2 


10.4 


11.2 


15.7 


11.4 


10.0 


11.2 


15.6 


11.7 


10.4 


11.7 


14.0 


11.7 


9.8 


11.4 


14.1 


11.6 


9.5 


12.7 


15.4 


10.7 


9.3 


11.8 


15.7 


10.1 


8.8 


11.7 


15.9 


9.2 


8.6 


11.7 


16.0 



1936 



Cents 
16.5- 
16.9 
16.6 
16.9 
16.6 
16.4 
16.1 



71 



Table 75. — Turkeys: Estimated average price per pound 
received by producers in the United States, 1909-10 to 
1936-37 



Year 


October 


Novem- 
ber 


Decem- 
ber 


January 


1909-10 


Cents 
13.3 
13.4 
13.4 
13.6 
14.6 
14.1 
13.7 
17.0 
20.0 
23.9 
26.6 
30.0 
25.7 
25.1 
26.6 
23.3 
24.0 
26.6 
26.4 
27.2 
27.2 
21.0 
17.9 
13.2 
11.3 
12.7 
15.9 
15.9 


Cents 
14.0 
15.5 
13.5 
14.4 
15.2 
14.1 
14.8 
18.6 
21.0 
25.7 
28.3 
31.8 
28.2 
29.5 
27.9 
24.2 
28.3 
29.8 
30.8 
31.2 
27.1 
20.1 
18.3 
12.9 
11.8 
14.6 
19.9 


Cents 
15.6 
14.7 
13.2 
14.8 
15.5 
14.5 
15.5 
19.6 
23.0 
27.0 
31.1 
33.1 
32.5 
32.3 
24.5 
25.8 
31.1 
32.8 
32.3 
30.5 
23.5 
19.9 
19.4 
10.9 
11.1 
16.0 
21.3 


Cents 
14.7 


1910-11 


14.7 


1911-12 _ 


13.3 


1912-13 . _ 


14.9 


1913-14 


15.5 


1914-15 


14.5 


1915-16 


15.6 


1916-17 


19.5 


1917-18 


22.9 


1918-19 


27.3 


1919-20 


32.0 


1920-21 


33.0 


1921-22.. 


30.7 


1922-23 


29.7 


1923-24 


23.1 


1924-25 - 


26.2 


1925-26 


31.7 


1926-27 


31.6 


1927-28 


29.8 


1928-29 


28.2 


1929-30 


23.7 


1930-31 


21.6 


1931-32 . 


18.0 


1932-33 


10.2 


1933-34 


11.6 


1934-35 


16.0 


1935-36 


19.9 


1936-37 













72 



Table 76. — Fowl, colored, live: Average wholesale price 
per pound at New York City, 1926-36 l 



Month 


1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


January - 


Cents 
31.8 

r ,l. 1 
33.6 
33.7 
33.2 
29.9 
26.4 
25.9 
29.8 
27.3 
26.0 
28.4 


Cents 
33.1 
30.0 
29.8 
31.0 
26.8 
?4.6 
25.1 
25.3 
26.8 
23.3 
23.9 
24.0 


Cents 
29.0 
27.5 
28.3 
29.9 
27.8 
27.5 
26.4 
29.9 
32.3 
30.6 
27.2 
29.5 


Cents 
33.4 
31.7 
33.5 
34.8 
35. 1 
29.8 
32.3 
?9.5 
30.1 
28.2 
26.9 
28.7 


Cents 
31.6 
28.6 
30.1 
29.1 
25.4 
23.6 
24.1 
22.0 
25.4 
22.3 
22.2 
21.2 


Cents 
24.2 


February 


22.4 


March 


23.4 


April ___ . __ 


24.8 


May 


22.8 


June 


21.6 


Julv 


21.1 


August - 


22.5 


September... 


23.6 


October .. 


21.9 


November _ 


19.4 


December ... 


18.8 






Average 


29.8 


27.0 


28.8 


31.2 


25.5 


22.2 


Month 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


January _. 


Cents 
21.7 
20.1 
9.2 
19.1 
16.9 
16.7 
16.2 
16.4 
16.8 
15.1 
15.6 
15.7 


Cents 
15.9 
14.8 
15.8 
14.4 
15.2 
14.0 
14.2 
13.2 
14.2 
13.8 
13.3 
14.0 


Cents 
15.1 
16.6 
17.4 
17.1 
16.0 
15.6 
14.3 
16.2 
18.6 
16.2 
16.1 
15.8 


Cents 
20.3 
19.7 
21.5 
22.8 
22.3 
20.3 
18.3 
20. 1 
21.5 
21.9 
21.7 
23 


Cents 
24.2 


Februarv _. _ 


25.0 


March _.. 


24.5 


April 


23.4 


May 


21.8 


June -. 


21.9 


July . 


19.8 


August _ _ 


20.1 


September 


20.7 


October . 




November 




December. 










Average 


17.5 


14.4 


16.2 


21.1 





i Received by freight. 

Compiled from American Creamery and Poultry Produce Review, 
except the averages, which are calculated from the monthly data. 



73 



Table 77. — Ducks, live: Average wholesale price per 
pound at New York City, 1926-36 1 



Month 



January 

February 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July___. 

August 

September 

October 

November 

December 

Average 



1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


32.6 


30.7 


28.0 


29.4 


23.0 


31.5 


29. 8 


28.0 


27.7 


24.7 


27.5 


27.4 


26.8 


28.0 


21.2 


22.8 


23.2 


18.2 


24.1 


19.1 


23.0 


20.0 


18.0 


20.3 


17.1 


23.0 


17.8 


18.0 


20.0 


16.0 


23.0 


17.8 


17.5 


20.1 


14.4 


23.2 


18.9 


20.6 


22.5 


17.9 


25.0 


23.2 


25.4 


23.0 


20.1 


22.1 


22.2 


25.9 


24.2 


18.4 


25.7 


22.8 


24.7 


20.7 


17.3 


29.0 


24.8 


27.6 


22.1 


20.4 


25.7 


23.2 


23.2 


23.5 


19.1 



Month 



January 

February 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 

October 

November 

December 

Average 



1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


19.0 


12.2 


13.1 


16.6 


18.5 


11.5 


12.9 


17.0 


14.6 


11.8 


12.0 


16.0 


10.6 


11.1 


10.9 


14.2 


9.0 


9.0 


10.0 


12.4 


9.0 


9.0 


10.0 


11.0 


9.0 


9.0 


10.0 


11.0 


9.9 


9.2 


10.3 


11.5 


12.8 


11.9 


14.4 


13.1 


13.9 


10.7 


11.1 


13.7 


11.5 


10.3 


12.2 


14.2 


il.8 


11.9 


14.6 


16.5 


12.5 


10.6 


11.8 


13.9 



1931 



Cents 
23.4 
22.5 
20.5 
15.0 
14.0 
14.0 
12.8 
14.5 
17.3 
13.9 
16.7 
19.4 



17.0 



1936 



Cents 
16.2 
15.7 
14.7 
12.5 
11.0 
11.0 



i Received by freight. 

Compiled from American Creamery and Poultry Produce Review, 
except the averages, which are calculated from the monthly data. 



74 



Table 78. — Geese, live: Average wholesale price per 
pound at New York City, 1926-36 ! 



Month 



January 

February 

March _ 

April.. 

May 

June... _. 

July 

August 

September 

October 

November 

December 

Average 



1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


23.1 


24.3 


24.5 


23.4 


23.1 


22.1 


17.0 


22.3 


19.7 


18.6 


16.6 


17.0 


16.0 


20.0 


16,0 


14.9 


16.5 


10.8 


16.5 


16.0 


15.0 


13.4 


10.7 


15.0 


12.2 


15.0 


12.0 


12.0 


15.0 


11. 7 


15.0 


12.0 


12.8 


15.0 


10.0 


15.3 


13.0 


15.0 


10.2 


12.7 


18.8 


17.7 


20.0 


20.1 


15.7 


21.5 


21.1 


22.6 


21.3 


10.7 


20.6 


21.6 


24.2 


21.2 


16.7 


24.1 


23.1 


24.5 


22.1 


18.3 


18.5 


17.4 


18.0 


18.8 


15.6 



1931 



Cents 
17.5 
16.8 
12.2 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10. 
12.5 
13.5 
14.9 
16.5 



12.9 



Month 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


January.. 


Cents 

14.4 

11.8 

11.0 

9.3 

8.0 

8.0 

8.0 

8.4 

12.8 

11.9 

12.0 

11 9 


Cents 

11.4 

10.5 

10.8 

9.6 

8.0 

8.0 

8.0 

8.0 

8.0 

9.1 

11.0 

12.0 


Cents 

13.1 

13.6 

10.1 

8.1 

7.0 

7.0 

7.0 

7.0 

10.2 

10.0 

13.1 

15.2 


Cents 

16.1 

13.9 

11.7 

8.8 

8.5 

8.5 

8.5 

9.0 

11.7 

13.5 

15.0 

16. 1 


Cents 
15.2 


February 


12.2 


March .. 


12.0 


April 


10.5 


May . _-_ . 


9.0 


June _ -. 


9.0 


Julv 




August . 




September ._ .. 




October -__ 




November _ ... 




December . 








Average 


10.6 


9.5 


10.1 


11.8 









1 Received by freight. 

Compiled from American Creamery and Poultry Produce Review, 
except the averages, which are calculated from the monthly data. 



75 



Table 79. — Turkeys, live: Average wholesale price p?r 
pound at New York City, 1926-86 l 



Month 


1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


January 


Cents 
38.8 
40.0 
31.8 
30.0 
25.9 
25.0 
25.0 
25.0 
29.4 
35.3 
41.2 
35.2 


Cents 
35.7 
33.7 
30.1 
31.9 
20.6 
26.5 
25.0 
25.0 
28.4 
31.4 
37. 4 
37.6 


Cents 
32.4 
30.9 
31.9 
32.9 
23.5 
24.4 
22.5 
22.5 
24.2 
37.0 
38.8 
34.3 


Cents 
29.4 
35.4 
28.9 
32.6 
23.8 
25.0 
25.0 
26.2 
39.0 
38.4 
29.0 
29.5 


Cents 
24.6 
27.8 
26.7 
28.5 
19.0 
17.5 
18.7 
20.6 
28.8 
25.1 
25.1 
27.4 


Cents 
29.5 


February 


29.8 


March 


29.4 


April 


26.0 


May - 


20.4 


June 


18.8 


July 


16.0 


August 


16.9 


September _ 


25.9 


October _. 


23.1 


November 


25.8 


December 


25.0 






Average _ 


31.9 


30.3 


29.6 


30.0 


24.1 


23.9 



Month 



January 

February 

March 

April _ 

May_ r 

June 

July 

August 

September... 

October 

November 

December 

Average 



1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


22.4 


15.0 


IS. 4 


22.9 


22.0 


15.8 


18.8 


21.7 


21.9 


18.5 


20.9 


22.5 


23.3 


17.6 


18.6 


23.3 


16.8 


13.0 


12.9 


17.6 


12.5 


12.5 


13.8 


15.3 


14.3 


12.5 


13.0 


14.4 


13.8 


12.5 


13.3 


16.7 


17.9 


14.8 


17.7 


21.9 


21.9 


16.1 


17.0 


22.4 


17.9 


15.6 


17.7 


23.4 


15.8 


17.1 


20.6 


24.5 


18.4 


15.1 


16.9 


20.6 



1936 



Cents 
24.0 
23.8 
25.2 
22.4 
18.4 
17.6 
16.6 
17.6 
22.7 



i Received by freight. 

Compiled from American Creamery and Poultry Produce Review, 
except the averages, which are calculated from the monthly data. 



76 



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84 



Table 88. — Eggs: Estimated average price per dozen 
received by producers in the United States, 1926-86 



Month 



January. .. 
February-- 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 
October. _. 
November 
December. 



1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


36.3 


36.9 


38.2 


33.0 


38.4 


28.9 


29.0 


29. 1 


31.9 


31.8 


24.1 


20.8 


23.4 


28.0 


21.3 


24.8 


20.3 


22.8 


23.0 


21.5 


25.2 


19.8 


24.2 


24 4 


20.0 


25.7 


17.8 


23.9 


26.1 


18.6 


25.7 


20.7 


25.6 


27.2 


18.8 


26.4 


23.4 


27.4 


29.8 


20.6 


31.5 


29.4 


31.4 


33.9 


25.3 


36.8 


35.6 


34. 9 


38.4 


26.5 


44.9 


41.6 


39.6 


44.2 


31.7 


47.6 


43.3 


42.9 


45.8 


26.8 



Month 



January. . . 
February-. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 
October. _. 
November 
December. 



1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


17.2 


21.4 


17.6 


25.0 


12.8 


11.0 


15.8 


25.6 


i0.4 


10.1 


14.4 


18.6 


10.2 


10.3 


13.5 


20.0 


10.3 


11.8 


13.3 


21.4 


10.6 


10.1 


13.2 


21.0 


12.0 


13.1 


14.1 


21.7 


14.7 


13.3 


17.2 


22.7 


17.2 


16.3 


21.9 


26.4 


22.5 


20.8 


23.7 


27.9 


26.1 


24.0 


28.6 


30.1 


28.1 


21.6 


27.0 


28.7 



1931 



Cents 
22.1 
14.1 
17.0 
16.2 
13.3 
14.1 
14.8 
17.3 
19.1 
22.7 
26.4 
25.6 



1936 



Cents 
22.8 
23.8 
17.5 
16.8 



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93 



Table 97. — Eggs, Nearby Hennery Whites: 1 Average 
wholesale price per dozen at New York City, 1926-36 



Month 



January 

February 

March 

April _. 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 

October 

November 

December 

Average 



1926 



Cents 
48.0 
41.5 
38.3 
37.0 
37.5 
39.0 
43 
49 
58 
73 
78 



62.4 
50.5 



1927 



Cents 
48.2 
38.8 
33.4 
33.3 
32.2 
31.9 
38.0 
45.8 
56.9 
68.9 
69.0 
56.2 

46.0 



1928 



Cents 
50. 6 
39.9 
36.1 
34.8 
35.6 
37.4 
40.3 
47.1 
55.8 
60.5 
66.0 
52.6 

46.4 



1929 



Cents 
46.8 
47.0 
38.1 
34.8 
36.5 
39.1 
45.0 
49.2 
57.8 
66.6 
66.0 
60.6 



49.0 



1930 



Cents 
45.4 
41.1 
31.9 
31.6 
30.6 
30.6 
32.8 
38.7 
44.4 
52.6 
51.9 
36.6 



39.0 



1931 



Cents 
28.9 
24.1 
26.0 
23.6 
22.9 
24.4 
28.3 
32.6 
37.8 
44.0 
44.6 
36.6 



31.1 



Month 



January 

February 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September... 

October 

November- __ 
December 

Average 



1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


24.7 


21 A 


24.2 


32.2 


23.0 


17.5 


<23. 1 


31.9 


2 20.6 


18.4 


21.8 


24.3 


2 19.3 


18.0 


19.5 


26.7 


U8.4 


17.6 


19.8 


27.7 


2 20.4 


19.7 


21.4 


28.3 


3 21.6 


21.7 


24.2 


29.2 


25.3 


23.9 


27.6 


32.3 


32.6 


30.5 


31.6 


36.8 


36.9 


35.9 


37.5 


39.3 


40.7 


37.0 


37.5 


37.2 


34.4 


27.8 


32.6 


32.9 


26.5 


24.6 


26.7 


31.5 



1936 



Cents 
28.2 
31.5 
24.2 
21.8 
23.6 
25.4 
26.2 



i Nearby Hennery Whites, closely selected extras, January 1926 to 
February 1932. 

2 Specials. 

3 Nearby Whites, Hennery Best, July 1932 to January 1934. 
« Specials beginning February 1934. 

Compiled from American Creamery and Poultry Produce Review, 
except the averages, which are calculated from the monthly data. 



94 



Table 98.- — Eggs, best grade of refrigerators: Average 
wholesale price per dozen at New York City, 1930-36 



Month 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


January 


Cents 
40.4 
29.3 


Cents 
19.6 


Cents 
18.9 
13.4 
11.2 
11.5 


Cents 


Cents 
19.3 


Cents 
26.3 


Cents 
21.7 


February 


27.4 


March.. 










April. _• . _ __ 














May ... . __ 














June . 
















July 






17.4 
17.9 
20.4 
23.2 
25.4 
28.2 










August. 


28.1 
26.9 
24.1 
24.8 
22.3 


"22.6 

22.2 
21.6 
19.1 


"l7.T 

17.8 
17.0 
16.8 


21.6 
22.3 
22.3 
23.4 
23.8 


27.2 
27.2 
26.4 
24.4 
22.5 




September 

October . 




Noyember 

December,- 









Compiled from American Creamery and Poultry Produce Reyiew. 



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100 



Table 104. — Feed consumption per 100 Bronze and 100 
White Holland turkeys 





Cumulative quan- 




Cumulative quan- 




tity of 


feed con- 




tity of 


feed con- 




sumed 






sumed 




Age 






Age 








Bronze 


White 
Holland 




Bronze 


White 
Holland 




Pounds 


Pounds 




Pounds 


Pounds 


1 week _. 


28.26 


28.26 


13 weeks 


1, 690. 39 


1, 651. 75 


2 weeks. 


58.59 


58.59 


14 weeks 


2, 039. 79 


1, 992. 84 


3 weeks 


101.95 


101. 95 


15 weeks 


2, 405. 26 


2, 352. 83 


4 weeks 


162. 51 


162. 51 


16 weeks 


2, 794. 93 


2, 756. 32 


5 weeks 


234.44 


234. 44 


17 weeks 


3, 218. 73 


3, 201. 40 


6 weeks 


316. 54 


316. 54 


18 weeks 


3, 705. 63 


3, 630. 22 


7 weeks _ 


423. 24 


420. 28 


19 weeks 


4, 160. 78 


4, 041. 57 


8 weeks 


559. 05 


544.17 


1 20 weeks 


4, 742. 65 


4, 575. 42 


9 weeks _ 


717. 28 


705. 28 


1 21 weeks 


5, 313. 32 


5, 147. 56 


10 weeks 


886. 81 


887. 31 


j 22 weeks.. ._. 


5, 797. 60 


5, 624. 61 


11 weeks 


1, 136. 42 


1, 116. 31 


23 weeks. .... 


6, 347. 91 


6, 122. 01 


12 weeks 


1, 394. 95 


1, 351. 34 


24 weeks 

1 


6, 941. 61 


6, 604. 32 



New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station, Department of Poultry 
Husbandry, Hints to Poultrymen vol. 23, no. 3, February-March 1936. 



Table 105. — Feed consumption per 100 chicks, White 
Leghorns and Barred Plymouth Rocks x 





White Leghorns 


Barred Plymouth Rocks 


Age 


Mash 


Grain 


Total 


Mash 


Grain 


Total 


9 weeks 


Pounds 
68.14 
58.62 
55.02 
55.13 
54. 36 
48.31 
50.66 
59.73 
61.01 
68. 51 
68.55 
68.19 
82.85 
71.83 
66.14 
66.91 


Pounds 
16.38 
22.73 
26.12 
32.11 
37.45 
42.41 
42.44 
34.37 
34.43 
29.31 
37.35 
40.41 
31.34 
38.72 
56.86 
48.13 


Pounds 

84.52 

81.35 

81.14 

87.24 

91.81 

90.72 

93.10 

94.10 

95.44 

97.82 

105. 90 

108. 60 

114. 19 

110. 55 

123. 00 

115.04 


Pounds 
79.36 
77.27 
72.48 
66.03 
72.96 
62.45 
64.02 
64.28 
68.51 
83.98 
81.38 
70.18 
62.26 
74.85 
64.25 
56.70 


Pounds 
13.92 
20.69 
24.16 
34.76 
27.41 
38.28 
43.38 
52.55 
47.56 
37.98 
41.87 
64.13 
70.48 
75.50 
72.59 
66.93 


Pounds 
93.28 


10 weeks 


97.96 


11 weeks.. 


96.64 


12 weeks 


100.79 


13 weeks _. 


100. 37 


14 weeks 


100.73 


15 weeks.. 


107. 40 


16 weeks 


116. 83 


17 weeks 


116. 07 


18 weeks 


121. 96 


19 weeks.. . 


123. 25 


20 weeks . . 


134. 31 


21 weeks . . 


132. 74 


22 weeks 


150. 35 


23 weeks 


136. 84 


24 weeks 


123. 63 







1 All cockerels were removed at the end of the eighth week. From then 
to the end of the twenty-fourth week the basis is 100 pullet chickens. 

New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station, Department of Poultry 
Husbandry, Hints to Poultrymen, vol. 23, no. 3, February-March 1936. 



101 



Table 106. — Broilers: Average weight of White Leghorns 
and Rhode Island Reds at specified ages, and average 
feed consumption per bird, as fed at the U. S. Animal 
Husbandry Experiment Farm in 192S 





White Leghorns 


Rhode Island Reds 


Age 


Average 
weight 


Feed con- 
sumed 


Average 
weight 


Feed con- 
sumed 


4 weeks - 


Pounds 
0.53 
1.53 
2.53 
3.21 


Pounds 

1.25 

4.72 

9.32 

13.90 


Pounds 
0.61 
1.84 
2.97 
3.80 


Pounds 
1.25 


8 weeks - - 


4.48 


12 weeks . 


8.57 


16 weeks . . 


13. 32 







The Poultry Industry of the United States. U. S. Department of 
Agriculture Special Report for the Fourth World's Poultry Congress, 
London, 1930. 



Table 107. — Growth standards for Single Comb White 
Leghorns, American heavy breeds, Bronze turkeys, and 
White Holland turkeys 





Chickens 


Turkeys 


Age 


White 
Leg- 
horn 
pul- 
lets 


American 
heavy breeds 


Bronze 


White Hol- 
land 




Pul- 
lets 


Cock- 
erels 


Males 


Fe- 
males 


Males 


Fe- 
males 


2 weeks. _ 


Lb. 
0.19 
.39 
.68 
1.09 
1.46 
1.71 
2.08 
2.40 
2.99 
3.38 


Lb. 
0.18 
.43 
.83 
1.30 
1.59 
2.13 
2.60 
3.04 
3.73 
4.27 


Lb. 
0.19 
.46 
.96 
1.55 
2.09 
2.81 
3.58 
4.02 
5.01 
6.55 


Lb. 

0.31 

.72 

1.38 

2.41 

3.82 

5.80 

8.14 

10.06 

15.02 

19.01 


Lb. 

0.29 

.63 

1.15 

1.97 

3.24 

4.76 

6.48 

7.69 

10.64 

12.46 


Lb. 

0.34 

.78 

1.42 

2.33 

3.78 

5.38 

7.51 

9.39 

13.15 

16.42 


Lb. 
0.32 


4 weeks 


.69 


6 weeks ._ .. 


1.23 


8 weeks. _. 


1.97 


10 weeks 


3.09 


12 weeks 


4.31 


14 weeks 


5.78 


16 weeks 

20 weeks. 


6.95 

8.88 


24 weeks 


10.74 







New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station, Department of Poultry 
Husbandry, Hints to Poultrymen, vol. 23, no. 3, February-March 1936. 



102 



Table 108. — Poultry: Loss of weight in dressing 





Num- 
ber 


Average weight 


Live weight lost as— 


Class 


> 

3 


T3 
o 

CO 
CO 

£ 
P 


T3 

o 


T3 
O 
O 

S 


to 
u 
to 


u 

— < CO 

Is 
o 


*o3 
O 


Not fattened: 

Broilers 

Springs 

Roasters 

Hens 

Fattened: 

Broilers 

Springs 

Roasters 

Hens .. 


126 
12 

18 

48 

132 
24 

28 
95 


Ounce 
30.8 
60.4 
74.7 
79.0 

41.1 

81.5 
95.9 
85.4 


Ounce 
28.5 
53.0 
65.5 
72.1 

37.1 

71.7 
85.5 
78.4 


Ounce 
28.3 
52.6 
65.3 
71.8 

36.8 
71.4 
84.9 
78.2 


Pet. 

4.02 
4.38 
3.85 
3.35 

4.01 
4.27 
4.13 
3.27 


Pc*. 

6.67 
7.81 
8.42 
5.33 

6.45 

7.78 
6.75 
4.85 


Pci. 

0.68 
.74 
.36 
.31 

.87 
.47 
.56 
.34 


Pet. 
11.37 
12.93 
12.63 
8.99 

11.33 

12.52 

11.44 

8.46 



U. S. Department of Agriculture Bulletin 1052. 



Table 109. — Poultry, dressed: Percentage distribution 
of chilled weight by class and condition 





Birds not fattened 


Birds fattened 


Class and product 


Vl 

t-i 

O 

"o 


CO 

_P 

p. 

m 


2 
o 

tf 


CO 

p 

CD 

H 


CO 

"o 


CO 

bo 
P 

a 

CO 


S 

CO 
-t-3 
CO 

OJ 

o 

n 


to 
G 

Q 

w 


Edible: 

Meat _ 


Pet. 

40.39 
7.54 

1.31 

6.82 


Pet. 

45.91 

8.81 

5.94 
1.93 


Pet. 

44.06 
9.48 

5.68 
3.00 


Pet. 

38.86 
14.68 

9.87 
4.80 
2.38 


Pet. 

39.01 
10.41 

4.21 
6.53 


Pet*. 
43.09 
13.15 

5.53 
5.29 


Pc*. 

40.60 
12.60 

5.78 
5.44 


Pet. 
37.93 


Skin. 

Crude gizzard 

fat 

Edible organs. 
Eggs 


14.67 

10.50 
5.21 
3.09 


















Total 


56.06 


62.59 


62.22 


70.59 


60.16 


67.06 


64.42 


71.40 


Inedible: 

Offal 

Bones. 


26.19 
17.75 


21.65 
15.76 


21.63 
16.15 


18.31 
11.10 


23.77 
16.07 


19.96 
12.98 


20.48 
15.10 


18.42 
10.18 


Total 


43.94 


37.41 


37.78 


29.41 


39.84 


32.94 


35.58 


28.60 



U.S. Department of Agriculture Bulletin 1052. 



103 



Table 110. — Turkeys: Loss of weight in dry picking 



Class 


Birds 


Average 

live 
weight 


Average 
dressed 
weight 


Loss 


Males: 

Under 16 pounds 


Number 
58 
80 
19 
14 


Pounds 
13.64 
17.73 
20.99 
28.97 


Pounds 
12.28 
15.98 
19.13 
26.80 


Percent 
9.97 


16 to 19.95 pounds 

20 to 23.95 pounds 

24 pounds and up 


9.90 

8.87 
7.50 


Average 




17.62 


15.96 


9.46 








Females: 

Under 8 pounds- _ 


4 
52 

12 
2 


7.60 

9.60 

12.08 

15.48 


6.78 

8.65 

11.08 

14.38 


10.86 


8 to 10.95 pounds 


9.86 


11 to 13.95 pounds 

14 pounds and up _ 


8.28 
7.11 


Average. _ _ 




10.08 


9.13 


9.48 









Poultry Culture, December 1930, p. 11. 

Table 111. — Poultry: Edible weight in terms of percent- 
age of live weight and dressed weight for specified kinds 
and classes 



Kind and class i 



Dressed 
weight 

in terms 
of live 

weight 2 



Edible 
weight 
in terms of 
dressed 
weight 3 



Edible 
weight 
in terms 
of live 
weight 



Unfattened broilers- 
Fattened broilers. __ 
Unfattened roasters. 
Fattened roasters... 

Fattened capons 

Fattened hens. 

Squab guineas 

Squab pigeons 

Ducks 

Geese... 

Turkeys.. 



Percent 

88.30 
90.81 
88.90 
91.70 
91.97 
92.03 
82.52 
82.08 



Percent 
54.27 
60.73 
56.86 
63.07 
67.46 
64.22 
60.25 
73.94 
60.17 
65.07 
66.53 



Percent 

47. 92 
55.15 
50.55 
57.84 
62.05 
59. 09 
49.72 
60.66 



> The broilers were White Leghorns and the other chickens were 
Barred Plymouth Rocks and Rhode Island Reds. 
» Blood and feathers removed. 
1 Flesh, without bones, heart, liver, and gizzard. 

Scientific Agriculture, June 1923. 



104 



Table 112. — Poultry: Weights 1 of the more common 
breeds of ducks, geese, and turkeys in the United States 

DUCKS 



Breed 



Pekin 

Rouen. __ 
Cayuga.. 
Muscovy 

Buff 

Runner.. 



Adult 


Young 


Adult 


drake 


drake 


duck 


Pounds 


Pounds 


Pounds 


9.0 


8.0 


8.0 


9.0 


8.0 


8.0 


8.0 


7.0 


7.0 


10.0 


8.0 


7.0 


8.0 


7.0 


7.0 


4.5 


4.0 


4.0 



Young 
duck 



Pounds 
7.0 
7.0 
6.0 
6.0 
6.0 
3.5 



GEESE 



Breed 



Toulouse 

Embden 

African 

Chinese 

Wild or Canada 



Adult 


Young 


Adult 


gander 


gander 


goose 


Pounds 


Pounds 


Pounds 


26 


20 


20 


20 


18 


18 


20 


16 


18 


12 


10 


10 


12 


10 


10 



Young 
goose 



Pounds 
16 
16 
14 

8 
8 



TURKEYS 



Breed 


Adult 
cock 


Year- 
ling 
cock 


Cock- 
erel 


Hen 


Pullet 


Bronze ... -.. 


Pounds 
36 
33 
33 
33 


Pounds 
33 
30 
30 
30 


Pounds 
25 
23 
23 
23 


Pounds 
20 
18 
18 
18 


Pounds 
16 


Narragansett _. 


14 


White Holland 


14 


Bourbon Red 


14 







1 Standard weights as set by the American Poultry Association. 

According to American Standard of Perfection, published and copy- 
righted by American Poultry Association, 1930. 



105 



Table 113. 



-Shipping coops for live poultry: Approxi- 
mate size and capacity 



Kind of poultry 



Turkeys.. 

Geese 

Old cocks . 
Large fowl 



Height 


Capac- 


of 


ity of 


coop 1 


coop 


Inches 


Birds 


20 


5-6 


16 


6-8 


16 


10-12 


16 


10-12 



Kind of poultry 



Small fowl 

Ducks 

Spring chickens... 



Height 
of 

COOP ! 



Inches 
12 
12 
12 



Capac 
ity of 
coop 



Birds 
14-16 
8-10 
14-20 



* Base measure, 2 by 3 feet. 

U. S. Department of Agriculture Farmers' Bulletin 1377. 



106 



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109 



Table 116. — Eggs: Long-time production for individual 

hens 



Breed of hen 



Oregon 

Do 

Do 

White Leghorn 

Do 

Oregon 

Do 

White Leghorn 
Oregon 

Do 

White Leghorn 

Do 

Do_.__.__-- 

Oregon 

White Leghorn 

Oregon 

White Leghorn 
Oregon 

Do 

Do 

Average.. 



Number of eggs produced in- 



First 
year 



250 

228 
215 
259 
240 
177 
2S3 
139 
235 
215 
249 
271 
245 
234 
217 
247 
228 
301 
224 
258 

236 



Sec- 
ond 
year 



225 
250 
206 
249 
222 
234 
194 
197 
210 
214 
183 
223 
218 
173 
232 
210 
186 
190 
228 
214 



213 



Third 
year 



214 
184 
208 
172 
202 
226 
191 
200 
227 
210 
195 
203 
172 
191 
134 
192 
178 
205 
181 
177 



193 



Fourth 
year 



192 
171 
198 
215 
155 
179 
187 
181 
192 
183 
149 
177 
191 
181 
129 
149 
148 
172 
151 
179 



174 



Fifth 

year 



156 
135 
189 
193 
168 
142 
172 
179 
213 
145 
165 
171 
153 
122 
200 
141 
147 
151 
135 
187 



163 



Sixth 
year 



108 
105 
148 
127 
139 
115 
132 
119 



94 
112 

"el" 

130 
112 

83 

135 

1 

97 



107 



Total 



1 1,300 

2 1, 282 

3 1, 278 

1,215 

< 1, 188 

5 1, 159 

1,159 

6 1, 096 

1,077 

1,061 

1, 053 

1,045 

1, 040 

1,031 

1,024 

1,022 

1,022 

1,020 

1,016 

1,015 



1 Includes 76 eggs in seventh year, and 79 eggs in eighth year. 

2 Includes 119 eggs in seventh year, 35 eggs in eighth year, 54 eggs in 
ninth year, and 1 egg in tenth year. 

3 Includes 81 eggs in seventh year, 31 eggs in eighth year, and 2 eggs in 
ninth year. 

4 Includes 61 eggs in seventh year, and 1 egg in eighth year. 

• Includes 62 eggs in seventh year, and 24 eggs in eighth year. 
8 Includes 81 eggs in seventh year. 

Compiled from Oregon Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 180. 



110 



Table 117. — Eggs: Number, and weight per dozen, laid 
by various breeds of chickens in 12 standard egg-laying 
tests in the United States, November 1929 to September 
1930 



Breed 



Light Sussex 

W h ite Leghorn 

Australorp 

Rose-Comb Rhode Island Red 

Rose-Comb Rhode Island White.. 

Barred Rock 

White Minorca ... 

Ancona 

Single-Comb Rhode Island Red... 

Jersey Black Giant 

Burl Leghorn 

Silver-Laced Wyandotte 

Brown Leghorn 

Black Minorca 

White Wyandotte 

White Rock_ 

Buff Orpington 

Single-Comb Rhode Island White 

Buff Rock 

White Orpington 

Total and average. _. 



Hens 



A 7 



umber 

10 

5,780 

100 
50 
20 

630 
50 
30 

760 
30 
10 
10 
10 
60 
80 

150 
20 
10 
10 
20 



Produc- 
tion 
for 11 
months 



7,840 



Eggs 
195. 8 

194.1 
1SS.4 
178.0 
169.5 
166.6 
164.0 
163. 1 
161.4 
158. 5 
156.1 
152.0 
149.6 
148.6 
146.0 
135. 8 
134.3 
133.9 
132.9 
114.2 



185.4 



Weight 

per 
dor. en 



Ounces 
22.87 
23.23 
22.77 
23.54 
21.49 
22. 84 
24.04 
22.77 
24.14 
24.74 
23.37 
23.67 
21.29 
25. 70 
23.66 
23.56 
23.85 
21.69 
22.32 
25.20 



23.30 



The Poultry Item, December 1930. 

Table 118. — Seasonal variation in the monthly feed-egg 

ratio 



Month 



January.. 
February 
March. .. 

April 

May 

June 



Seasonal 
variation 



Percent 
70.40 
89.81 
116. 02 
126. 19 
128. 63 
129.47 



Month 



July 

August 

September 
October. __ 
November 
December. 



Seasonal 
variation 



Percent 
123.95 
116.85 
98.05 
80.51 
63.65 
56.39 



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115 



Table 123. — Color of eggs, and weights* of the more 
common breeds of chickens in the United States 



Breed or variety 



Jersey Black Giants 

Light Brahma 

Orpington 

Dark Cornish 

Langshan 

Plymouth Rock 

Sussex 

Wyandotte 

Rhode Island Red 

Rhode Island White 
Single Comb Black 
norca. 

Blue Andalusian 

Leghorn 

Ancona 

Campine 



Mi 



Color of 

eggs 



Brown. 
__do.__. 
....do—. 
„do.__. 
__do.__. 
__do___ . 
...do— . 
__do— . 
__do___ . 
__do— : 
White . 



do. 
do. 
.do. 
.do. 





Weight of— 


Cock 


Cock- 
erel 


Hen 


Pounds 


Pounds 


Pounds 


13.0 


11.0 


10.0 


12.0 


10.0 


9.5 


10.0 


8.5 


8.0 


10.0 


8.0 


7.5 


9.5 


8.0 


7.5 


9.5 


8.0 


7.5 


9.0 


7.5 


7.0 


8.5 


7.5 


6.5 


8.5 


7.5 


6.5 


8.5 


7.5 


6.5 


9.0 


7.5 


7.5 


7.0 


6.0 


5.5 


6.0 


5.0 


4.5 


6.0 


5.0 


4.5 


6.0 


5.0 


4.0 



Pullet 



Pounds 
8.0 
8.0 
7.0 
6.0 
6.5 
6.0 
6.0 
5.5 
5.5 
5.5 
6.5 

4.5 
4.0 
4.0 
3.5 



* Standard weights as set by the American Poultry Association. 

According to American Standard of Perfection, published and copy- 
righted by the American Poultry Association, 1930. 



Table 124. — Eggs: Composition as indicated by analyses 
made by the United States Food and Drug Adminis- 
tration, 1932 



Type 


Whole eggs 


Edible portion 
of eggs 




White 


Yolk 


Shell 


Loss 1 


White 


Yolk 


2-day-old _ 

C ommer cial 

Storage 


Percent 
57. 27 
56.50 
52.53 


Percent 
30.84 
32.04 
35.17 


Percent 
11.38 
10.94 
11.39 


Percent 
0.51 
.52 
.91 


Percent 
65.00 
63.81 
59.90 


Percent 
35.00 
36. 19 
40. 10 







1 Total weight less weight of white, yolk, and shell. 

Journal of the Association of Official Agricultural Chemists, Mav 
1932. Results based on analyses made by Chicago station, U. S. Food 
and Drug Administration. Each sample consisted of 24 or more eggs. 
There were 42 samples of commercial fresh eggs collected from 38 States. 
There were 4 samples of the 2-day-old eggs and 5 samples of the storage 
eggs. The eggs were analyzed in from 1 to 11 days, average 5 days, from 
date of shipment. 



116 



Table 125. — Eggs: Water, protein, and fat content 1 



Class 



Whole egg: 
2-day-old- ._ 
Commercial 
Storage 

Egg white: 
2-day-old. ._ 
Commercial 
Storage 

Egg yolk: 

2-day-old. ._ 
Commercial 
Storage 



Water 



Percent 
74.06 
73.95 
73.39 

87.85 
87.79 
86.72 

48.47 
49.53 
53.46 



Protein 



Percent 
12.88 
12.75 
12.88 

10.69 
10.75 
11.44 

16.94 
16.31 
15.19 



Fat 



Percent 
11.40 
11.55 
11.67 

.02 
.03 
.03 

32.54 

31.88 
29.04 



1 NaCl, P2O5, and dextrose contents were also determined. 

Journal of the Association of Official Agricultural Chemists, May 
1932, based on analyses made by Chicago station, U. S. Food and Drug 
Administration. Each sample consisted of 24 or more eggs. There were 
42 samples of commercial fresh eggs collected from 38 States. There were 
4 samples of the 2-day-old eggs and 5 samples of the storage eggs. The 
eggs were analyzed from 1 to 11 days, average 5 days, from date of ship- 
ment. 

The U. S. Bureau of Home Economics reports that eggs are a good 
source of efficient protein, an excellent source of iron, vitamin A and 
vitamin G, and contain small amounts of vitamin B and vitamin D. 
The vitamin A and vitamin D content depends upon the amount of 
these factors in the diet of the hen. Vitamins A, B, and D are found in 
the yolk, while vitamin G is about evenly distributed between the yolk 
and the white. 



Table 126. 



■Approximate conversion 
eggs and egg products l 



equivalents for 



1 pound of— 


Is equivalent to— 


Frozen or liquid egg 

Dried whole egg 

Dried yolk 


10.2 United States eggs in shell. 
3.6 pounds liquid whole egg.2 
2.25 pounds liquid yolk. 2 


Dried albumen 

Liquid whole egg 

Dried whole egg 


7.3 pounds liquid albumen. 2 

0.55-pound liquid white plus 0.45-pound liquid 

yolk.3 
0.25-pound dried white plus 0.75-pound dried 

yolk. 3 



1 In commercial separation of white and yolk a part of the white ad- 
heres to the shell and also to the yolk, hence is not a perfect separation. 
Due to variation in such factors as egg weights and the like, the data 
given should not be used as a basis for calculating formulae for the pro- 
duction of manufactured egg-food products to conform with the mini- 
mum requirements of existing legal standards for such products. 

2 Tariff Information Surveys, G. 11— Eggs and egg products, U. S. 
Tariff Commission. 

1 Industry sources. 



117 

Table 127. — Eggs: Weights per trade unit 







Weight per trade unit 




Egg 












size 












(weight 




10 dozen 








per 


30 dozen 


(great 


1,000 


1,440 


1,200 


dozen) 


(case) i 


hun- 
dred) 2 


eggs 3 


eggs 3 


eggs 3 








Kilo- 


Kilo- 


Kilo- 


Ounces 


Pounds 


Pounds 


grams 4 


grams 4 


grams 4 


19.2 


36 


12 


45 


65 


54 


20.8 


39 


13 


49 


71 


59 


22.4 


42 


14 


53 


76 


64 


24.0 


45 


15 


57 


82 


68 


25.6 


48 


16 


60 


87 


73 


27.2 


51 


17 


64 


93 


77 


28.8 


54 


18 


68 


98 


82 


30.4 


57 


19 


72 


103 


86 



i Used in the United States. 

2 Used in England. 

3 Used in continental Europe. 

< A kilogram equals 2.2046 pounds. 

Rearranged from U. S. Department of Agriculture Bulletin 1385. 

The Grocer Diary, London, p. 43 (1928) contains the following state- 
ment with reference to methods of packing eggs in the principal countries: 
"Most European eggs are packed to the number of 1,440 eggs, equal to 
12 great hundreds (of 120) in a single case, with the exception of extras 
and best Italian, of which 1,380, or 11 H great hundreds go to such cases; 
or small eggs generally take 1,620 (or 13^ great hundreds) and 1,680 
(14 great hundreds) to fill a case. Packing of foreign eggs is as follows: 
Russian cases contain 12 great hundreds (120) and flats 6 great hundreds: 
Lithuanian cases contain 12 great hundreds, flats 6 great hundreds, and 
boxes 3 great hundreds; Polish cases contain 12 great hundreds and flats 
6 great hundreds; Belgian cases contain 10 great hundreds; French cases 
contain 12 great hundreds; Dutch cases contain 9 great hundreds or 10 
great hundreds; Danish cases contain 9 great hundreds or 8 great hun- 
dreds; Argentina, Australian, and South African boxes contain 3 great 
hundreds; Egypt and Morocco cases contain 12 great hundreds." 



118 



Table 128. — Poultry: Imports for consumption and do- 
mestic exports of the United States, 1924S5 





Imports for con- 
sumption 


Domestic exports 


Year 


Live 


Dressed 
or other- 
wise pre- 
pared 


Live 


Dressed i 


1924 


1,000 

pounds 

1,781 

2,073 

2,108 

1,630 

1,505 

1,503 

211 

209 

76 

23 

28 

48 


1,000 

pounds 

2,137 

3,163 

6,408 

4,144 

6.018 

5.924 

2,545 

5,965 

1,045 

471 

784 

717 


1,000 

pounds 

806 

712 

565 

647 

566 

449 

389 

165 

50 

50 

49 

61 


1,000 
pounds 
3,996 
5,102 


1925._ 


1926 


3,406 


1927 


4,629 


1928 


3,090 


1929 


2,473 


1930 


2,994 


1931 


2,757 


1932 


1,258 


1933.... 


2,429 


1934 


2,300 


1935. _ 


1,718 







1 Includes game. 

Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. 



119 



Table 129. — Eggs: Imports for consumption and 
mestic exports of the United States, 1924-85 



do- 





Imports for consumption 


Domestic 
exports 


Year 


Eggs 
in the 
shell 


Dried 
or 

frozen 

whole 
eggs 
and 

yolks 


Dried 

or 
frozen 
albu- 
men 


Eggs 
in the 
shell 


Dried 

or 

frozen 

eggs 


1924 


1,000 
dozen 
347 
476 
298 
250 
287 
308 
317 
309 
244 
251 
197 
432 


1,000 

pounds 

15, 760 

26,249 

21. 896 

9,702 

12, 781 

21, 635 

14,714 

8,542 

1,171 

2,042 

2,775 

5,754 


1,000 

pounds 

4,422 

7,442 

7, 115 

4,928 

3,358 

4,806 

4,231 

2,481 

1,276 

874 

403 

1,877 


1,000 

dozen 

28, 117 

21, 999 

26, 634 

28, 707 

20, 192 

12, 075 

18, 579 

7,684 

2,319 

1,866 

1,928 

1,812 


1,000 
pounds 
505 


1925 


301 


1926 


522 


1927 


661 


1928 


508 


1929 


326 


1930 


196 


1931 . 


255 


1932 


44 


1933 


49 


1934 


79 


1935 


99 







Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. 



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INDEX 

POULTRY 

Baby chicks: Pa S e 

Mortality first 3 weeks . 12 

Mortality first 8 weeks 12 

Number purchased, census 11 

Broilers, average weight 101 

Chickens: 

Hatched and methods used ... 10 

Mortality to maturity 12 

Mortality, by breeds 13 

Number consumed on farms, estimated 17 

Number on farms, census 2 

Number on farms, estimated 3 

Number raised, census . 6 

Number raised, estimated 7 

Number sold, census 15 

Number sold, estimated 16 

Value of chickens raised, estimated 8 

Value of chickens sold, census 15 

Cold storage holdings: 
In United States: 

Broilers 58 

Fowl 61 

Fryers 59 

Miscellaneous poultry . 63 

Roasters 60 

Total 64 

Turkeys 62 

In 35 cities 65 

Domestic exports __ 118 

Ducks: 

Number raised, census. 9 

Number in various countries 125 

Weights of more common breeds 104 

Edible and inedible portions 102 

Ediblo weight in percent of total 103 

Estimated supply and disappearance for consumption. 106-107 

Feed consumption per 100 chicks 100 

Feed consumption per 100 turkeys 100 

Fowl, number in various countries 123 

Geese: 

Number raised, census 9 

Number in various countries 126 

Weights of more common breeds 104 

Growth standards, chickens and turkeys 101 

Hens and pullets: 

Culling and mortality 13 

Mortality _ ._ 14 

Number per farm flock 4-5 

Imports for consumption 118 

Laying hens, number in various countries 124 

Live poultry shipping coops, size and capacity 105 

Loss of weight in dressing 102 

(129) 



130 



Prices: _ 

Fresh dressed: Pa ^ e 

Broilers at New York City... . 76 

Cocks at New York City 80 

Fowl at New York City 79 

Fryers at New York City 77 

Poultry at New York City 81 

Roasters at New York City 78 

Turkeys at New York City 82 

Wholesale price relatives at New York City 96 

Hens, at retail, United States average 83 

Live: 

Chickens, received by producers 70 

Ducks at New York City 73 

Fowl, colored, at New York City 72 

Geese at New York City 74 

Turkeys, received by producers 71 

Turkeys at New York City. .. 75 

Quantities inspected for canning... 28 

Receipts: 
Dressed: 

At Boston ....: __ 43 

At Boston, by State of origin 44 

At Chicago 39 

At Chicago, by State of origin 40 

At New York City 37 

At New York City, by State of origin 3S 

At Philadelphia 41 

At Philadelphia, by State of origin 42 

At San Francisco 45 

At San Francisco, by State of origin 46 

Total for 4 markets 47 

Live: 

At Chicago: 

By freight 35 

By express . ... 35 

By truck 36 

At New York City: 

Byfreight 28 

By express 29 

By truck - 29 

Byfreight, percent of total 31 

By express, percent of total 32 

By truck, percent of total 33 

Total, State of origin 30 

Bv classes 34 

Tariff rates 120-121 

Turkeys: 

Loss of weight in dry picking . 103 

Number raised, census 9 

Number in various countries 127 

Weights of more common breeds 104 

EGGS 

Cold storage holdings: 
In United States: 

Eggs in the shell --- 66 

Frozen eggs.. - - 67 

Total, shell and frozen. "68 

. In 35 cities ~~ ......... 69 

Color of eggs and weight standards of more common breeds — 115 

Composition — ' "115 

Content; water, protein, and fat... - 116 



131 



Page 

Conversion factors _>____-_____> 116 

Domestic exports... 119 

Feed-egg ratio, United States 111 

Feed-egg ratio with seasonal removed, United States 112 

Feed-egg ratio, monthly seasonal variation, United States 110 

Feed requirements for egg production 113 

Imports for consumption 119 

Length of incubation period 11 

Loug time production 109 

Number consumed on farms, estimated 23 

Number laid, estimated. _ 19 

Number laid per 100 hens and pullets 24-25 

Number laid per farm flock 26-27 

Number produced, census 18 

Number sold, estimated 22 

Number and weight by various breeds 110 

Prices: 

Average wholesale price 92 

Best grade of refrigerators at New York City 94 

Extra firsts at Cincinnati 90 

Fresh firsts at Chicago _ _ _ 88 

Fresh firsts at St. Louis 89 

Fresh gathered firsts at New York City 86 

Fresh gathered standards at New York City . 85 

Nearby hennery whites at New York City 93 

Nearby whites, lower grades, at New York City .._ 87 

Received by producers ." 84 

Retail, United States average _ .... 95 

U. S. No. 1 extras, at San Francisco 91 

Wholesale price relatives 97 

Production per bird _ 108 

Production in various countries 1 _ 128 

Production, feed cost, investment, labor income, by breeds 114 

Receipts: 

At Boston 54 

At Boston, by State of origin 55 

At Chicago 50 

At Chicago, by State of origin 51 

At New York City . 48 

At New York City, by State of origin 49 

At Philadelphia 52 

At Philadelphia, by State of origin 53 

At San Francisco 56 

At San Francisco, by State of origin 55 

Total, at four markets 57 

Tariff rates 122 

Value of eggs produced: 

Census 20 

Estimated r 21 

Weights per trade unit _ _ /_ 117 

MISCELLANEOUS 

Index of wholesale food prices v 98 

Index of wholesale prices of farm products 99 



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